Reasoning Quiz on “Coding-Decoding” for SSC CGL 2016

Q1. In a certain code language, ORIENTAL is written as PPLASNHD. How is SACRIFICE written in that code language?
(a) TYCNNXPN
(b) TXCNNXPN
(c) TYCMNXPN
(d) None of these 


Q2.In a certain code, the words COME AT ONCE were written as XLNVZGLMXV. In the same code, which of the following would code OK? 
(a) KL
(b) LM
(c) KM
(d) LP 
Ans.(d)
Sol. Each letter in the word is replaced by the letter which occupies the same position from the other end of the alphabet, to obtain the code. 

Q3. In a certain code, REFRIGERATOR is coded as GIRFERROTAREG. Which word would be coded as TELEVISION?
(a) VELFTNOISI
(b) VFLETNOISI
(c) VELETNOISI
(d) VELETNPISI

Q4. If LBAEHC is the code for BLEACH, then which of the following is coded as NBOLZKMH?
(a) OBNKZLHM
(b) LOBNHMKZ
(c) OCPMALNI
(d) BNLOKZHM 
Ans.(d)
Sol. The word is divided into groups of two letters each and the letters in each pair are reversed. 

Q5. In a certain code language, STRING is written as % = ⋆– $ ÷ and PRAISE as ? ⋆@–%×. How will the word GRAPES be written in that code language? 
(a) ÷⋆@×?%
(b)÷@⋆?×%
(c) ÷⋆@?×%
(d) ÷⋆–?×%

Q6. If the TERMINATION is coded as 12345671586, what should be the code for the word MOTION?
(a) 438586
(b) 458586
(c) 481586
(d) 485186 

Q7. If DICTIONARY is written as 123456789, then ORDINARY is written as-
(a) 59126789
(b) 58126789
(c) 57326789
(d) 56126789 

Directions: The hundred cells in the square below have been filled with letters. The columns and the rows are identified by the number 0 to 9. A letter in a cell is represented first by its column number and then by its row number e.g., G in column 3 and row 1 is represented by 31. In each of the following questions, a word has been given which is represented by one of the four alternatives given under it. Find the correct alternative. 
Q8. JOKE
(a) 32, 14, 56, 44
(b) 35, 14, 37, 78
(c) 83, 63, 40, 59
(d) 83, 71, 25, 36 
Ans.(a)
Sol. J can be coded as 32, 83 or 35; O can be coded as 71, 63, 14, 57, 97, 29 or 79; 
K can be coded as 40, 74 or 56; E can be coded as 90, 72, 93, 44, 36, 48, 78, 19 or 49. 

Q9. In a certain code language ‘234’ means ‘spark and fire’, ‘456’ means ‘spark is cause’ and ‘258’ means ‘fire is effect’. Which of the following numerals is used for ‘cause’?
(a) 3
(b) 4
(c) 5
(d) 6 
Ans.(d)
Sol. In the first and second statements, the common code digit is ‘4’ and the common word is ‘spark’. So, ‘4’ means ‘spark’. In the second and third statements, the common code digit is ‘5’ and the common word ‘is’. So, ‘5’ means ‘is’. 
Thus, in the second statement ‘6’ means ‘cause’. 
Q10. In a certain code language ‘3a, 2b, 7c’ means ‘truth is eternal’; ‘7c, 9a, 8b, 3a’ means ‘enmity is not eternal’ and ‘9a, 4d, 2b, 8b’ means ‘truth does not perish’. Which of the following means ‘enmity’ in the language? 
(a) 3a
(b) 7c
(c) either 9a or 8b
(d) 9a 
Ans.(c)
In the first and second statements, the common codes are ‘7c’ and ‘3a’ and the common words are ‘is’ and ‘eternal’. 
In the second and third statements, the common codes are ‘9a’ and ‘8b’ and the common words are ‘not’ and ‘enmity’. 



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