**Dear students,**

**Now you have checked scores and start preparing for the Tier -II . we are going to provide Quant quizzes specifically for the mains exam .**

**Now, we’re going to provide Short Tricks with Example Questions, So that you can familiarise yourself with tricky scenarios of Quant. Every day we’ll post Some useful Tricks for SSC CGL Tier -II, and it will help you in scoring respected marks.**

**Percentage wise distribution of Topics For Tier-II**

Profit and Loss

As we had discussed the

**Multiplying Factor concept,**it is very helpful to calculate the S.P. and C.P.**S.P. = C.P. × M.F.**

In case of profit

**M.F. is always greater then 1**.
If there is 10% profit, then

S.P. = C.P. × 1.1

M.F. = 1.1

For 15% profit M.F. = 1.5

Let’s take an example

If markup percentage is 30%, and the profit percentage is 17% then

find the discount percentage.

find the discount percentage.

Let CP = 100

M.P. = 100 × 1.3 = 130

(M.P. – Marked up price)

S.P. = 100 × 1.17 = 117

**Discount % =**

M.P. × Multiplying factor = S.P

130 × M.F. = 117

M.F = .9

Discount Percentage = 10%

**In case of Loss S.P < C.P**

And M.F. is smaller then 1.

**Relation between multiplying factor of, Profit, Mark-up and discount:**

M.F. profit = M.F. mark-up × M.F.discount.

**Successive**

percentage changetheory – by using this theory we can also

percentage change

concluded that-

**Ex.- Inspite of giving a discount of 10% a shopkeeper manages to make a profit of 8%.**

**By what percentage does the shopkeeper mark-up his goods?**

Method 1:

**MF profit = MF mark-up × M.F. disc.**
1.08 = MF mark-up × 0.9

MF Mark-up = 1.2

Means a markup of 20%

·

**Discount**

percentage is always calculated on the base of marked or list price.percentage is always calculated on the base of marked or list price

Ex-A shopkeeper gives 2 items free with every 3 items purchased. In

effect, what discount percentage is being offered-

effect, what discount percentage is being offered-

Let the list price is 5x

Base value = 5x.

Discounted items = 2x = calculated value