Preamble of Indian Constitution and its Meaning

WE,
THE PEOPLE OF INDIA
, having solemnly resolved to constitute
India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC
 and to
secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE,
social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and
worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to
promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and
the unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY
ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION
.”  



Meaning of Preamble of Indian Constitution

“We, the people of India …in our
constituent assembly …do here by adopt, enact and give to ourselves this
constitution”, signifies the democratic principle that the power is
ultimately vested in the hands of the people. It also emphasizes that the
constitution is made by and for the Indian people and not given to them by any
outside power (such as the British Parliament).

Sovereign

The word sovereign means supreme or
independent. India is internally and externally sovereign – externally free
from the control of any foreign power and internally, it has a free government
which is directly elected by the people and makes laws that govern the people.
She allies in peace and war. The Popular sovereignty is also one of the basic
structures of constitution of India. Hence, Citizens of India also enjoys
sovereign power to elect their representatives in elections held for
parliament, state legislature and local bodies as well.

Socialist

The word socialist was added to the
Preamble by the Forty- second Amendment. It implies social and economic
equality. Social equality in this context means the absence of discrimination
on the grounds only of caste, colour, creed, sex, religion, or language. Under
social equality, everyone has equal status and opportunities. Economic equality
in this context means that the government will 
endeavour to make the
distribution of wealth more equal and provide a decent standard of living for
all. This is in effect emphasized a commitment towards the formation of a
welfare state. India has adopted a socialistic and mixed economy and the
government has framed many laws to achieve the aim.

Secular

The word secular was also inserted into the
preamble by the Forty-second Amendment (1976). It implies equality of all
religions and religious tolerance. India therefore does not have an official
state religion. Every person has the right to preach, practice and propagate
any religion they choose. The government must not favour or discriminate
against any religion. It must treat all religions with equal respect. All
citizens, irrespective of their religious beliefs are equal in the eyes of law.

Democratic

The first part of the preamble “We, the
people of India” and, its last part “give to ourselves this Constitution”
clearly indicate the democratic spirit involved even in the Constitution. India
is a democracy. The people of India elect their governments at all levels
(Union, State and local) by a system of universal adult suffrage; popularly
known as “one man one vote”. Every citizen of India, who is 18 years
of age and above and not otherwise debarred by law, is entitled to vote. Every
citizen enjoys this right without any discrimination on the basis of caste,
creed, colour, sex, religion or education.

Republic

As opposed to a monarchy, in which the head
of state is appointed on hereditary basis for a lifetime or until he abdicates
from the throne, a democratic republic is an entity in which the head of state
is elected, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure. The President of India
is elected by an electoral college for a term of five years. The post of the
President of India is not hereditary. Every citizen of India is eligible to
become the President of the country.

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62 Comments

  1. if all above is true then government not see all the citizens in equal manner it discriminate people on the basis of cast and religion few cast and religion have more opportunity and concession than others few people have different law then others is it means that government is breaking the basic principle of constitute

  2. OK.. One question/doubt
    Does SSC send acknowledge to the individual who have sent Rep ?
    By fax / mail ?

  3. Where was the magic of "ssc-adda" was hidden till nw ??..

    i got to knw it soo late…never been through it in detail !!ooops missed many….but will nw follow it daily !!
    thank u soo much @ayushi mam,@sandeep sir 🙂

    regret 4 my mistake !!

  4. Oh!!! Thank you ma'am.
    And I thought I asked wrong Q and in confusion deleted it.
    Sry for my silly mistake.

  5. yaar y stenographer gread c ang d k skill test m kya karna hota hai… if any one hv info then plz reply plz
    thnxs in advance

  6. Dication in short hand .. U cant get learn in just few months … It takes mor than 6-8 months to get 80wpm

  7. RJ – A smooth sea never makes a skillful sailor.

    Always remember this. Have patience. I am sure God must have stored something good fro you. God bless you 🙂

  8. Ohh .. I cleared too bt inte kam tym me nhi ho skta coz bht practis chye hti h iske lye … In dis it is easy to clear the writnn exam bt not shorthnd test coz mostly isme hi reh jate h …

  9. ooooohh…..shorthand hota kya hai waise… nd transcription on computr bhi bola hai …. whats that

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