stood at 1,21,01,93,422.
of 1.64% per year in the decade 2001-11.
3. India accounts for a meager 2.4 per cent of the world
surface area of 135.79 million sq km. Yet, it supports and sustains a whopping
17.5 per cent of the world population.
to other countries
is slightly lower than the population of Brazil, the fifth most populated
country in the world.
billion), India (1.21 billion) and USA (308.7 million) account for 40%
population of the world.
population of U.S.A., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan.
increased more than four times by 2011.
in the first half of twentieth century, while it recorded a three fold growth
in the latter half of the century.
1911-1921 when its population decreased from 25,20,93,390 to 25,13,21,213.
independence was 36,10,88,090.
state with a population of 19,95,81,477 and Sikkim is the least populated state
with a population of 6,07,688.
Maharashtra (11,23,72,972), Bihar (10,38,04,637), West Bengal (9,13,47,736) and
Andhra Pradesh (8,46,65,533) respectively.
with a population of 1,67,53,235 and Lakshdweep is the least populated UT with
a population of 64,429.
of 12,44,464 followed by Chandigarh with a population of 10,54,686.
kilometre while it was 325 persons in 2001.
population of 1102 persons per square kilometre.
Pradesh with a population of 17 persons per square kilometre.
population of 11,297 persons per square kilometre.
density of population is Andaman and Nicobar Islands with a population of 46
persons per square kilometre.
62,37,34,248 and number of females is 58,64,69,174.
males which is an improvement of 7 points over the 2001 sex ratio of 933.
worst in 1991 when it was 927.
Pakistan (943), Sri Lanka (1034), Nepal (1014), Myanmar (1048) and Bangladesh
(978) while it is better than China (926), Afghanistan (931) and Bhutan (897).
females to 1000 males while Haryana has the lowest sex ratio of 877.
ratio of 1038 females to 1000 males while Daman and Diu has the lowest sex
ratio of 618.
can both read and write with understanding in any language is treated as
literate. A person who can only read but cannot write is not literate. In the
censues prior to 1991, children below five years of age were necessarily
treated as illiterates.
rate as per 2011 census is 74.04%. The literacy rate in 2001 was 65%.
of 93.91% followed by Mizoram with a literacy rate of 91.58%.
63.82%. Next is Rajasthan with a literacy rate of 67.06%.
is the target set by the Planning Commission to be achieved by 201112. They
are Kerala, Mizoram, Tripura and Goa.
85% which is the target set by the Planning Commission to be achieved by
2011-12. They are Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, Puducherry, Chandigarh, Delhi
and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.