Q1. Judicial activism has enhanced the powers and prestige of
(a) The Supreme Court
(b) The political parties
(c) The President
(d) The Parliament
Q2.Which of the following “writ” of the High Court or the Supreme Court is issued to restrain a person from holding a public ofﬁce which he is not entitled to?
(d) Quo Warranto
Q3.The council of ministers in state assembly holds office during the pleasure of
(a) The legislative assembly
(b) The legislative council
(c) Both the houses of the state legislature
(d) The Governor
Q4.The members of the legislative assembly are
(a) Elected by the people
(b) Elected by the local bodies
(c) Nominated by the Governor
(d) Returned through all three methods
Q5.The members of the legislative assembly are elected for a term of
(a) Three years
(b) Four years
(c) Five years
(d) Six years
Q6. Which of the following does not come under Fundamental Duty?
(a) To safeguard public property
(b) To protect and improve the natural environment
(c) To promote harmony
(d) To protect freedom of speech and expression
Q7.Comptroller and Auditor General of India is appointed for how many years?
Q8. Appointments for all India Services are made by –
(c) Prime Minister
Q9.The Sarkaria Commission was appointed
(a) To find a solution to the Punjab crisis
(b) To examine Centre-State relations
(c) To resolve dispute over sharing of Cauveri waters
(d) To examine the working of the public sector undertakings
Q10.In which year was Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) founded?
Sol. It denotes the ‘proactive’ role played by the judiciary in the protection of the rights of citizens and in the promotion of justice in the society. It implies the ‘assertive’ role played by the judiciary to force the legislature and the executive to discharge their constitutional duties.
Sol. Quo warranto means “by what warrant”? This writ is issued to enquire into legality of the claim of a person or public office. It restrains the person or authority to act in an office which he / she is not entitled to and thus stops usurpation of public office by anyone. This writ is applicable to the public offices only and not to private offices.
Sol. The Council of Ministers in state shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor.
Sol. The legislative assembly consists of representatives directly elected by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise.
Sol. Its normal term is five years from the date of its first meeting after the general elections. The expiration of the period of five years operates as automatic dissolution of the assembly.
Sol. The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976. Originally ten in number, the Fundamental Duties were increased to eleven by the 86th Amendment in 2002. Freedom of Speech and Expression comes under Fundamental right and not fundamental duties.
Sol. The Comptroller and Auditor General (C&AG) of India is an authority, established by the Constitution which audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government. He is appointed for period of 6 years or up to age of 65 years, whichever earlier.
Sol. The Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) is a centrist nationalist political party in India. The NCP was formed on 25 May 1999, by SharadPawar, P. A. Sangma, and Tariq Anwar. The Election Symbol of NCP is an analogue clock that reads 10:10.
Sol. In 1983, the Central government appointed a three-member Commission on Centre–state relations under the chairmanship of R S Sarkaria, a retired judge of the Supreme Court.26 The commission was asked to examine and review the working of existing arrangements between the Centre and states in all spheres and recommend appropriate changes and measures.
Sol. The rise of regional political parties in different states changed the situation.Regional parties have demanded more and more autonomy for states.