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PM KUSUM Scheme: Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM) scheme was introduced by the Government of India to increase the income of farmers and offer sources for irrigation and de-dieselize the farm sector.

  • PM-KUSUM Scheme Approval of Pradhan Mantri Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyaan (PM KUSUM) Scheme was approved on 8th March 2019.
  • This scheme was launched by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) for the installation of solar pumps and other renewable power plants across the nation.
  • Under PM KUSUM Scheme, farmers, groups of farmers, panchayat, co-operative societies can apply to plant a solar pump.
  • The total cost involved in this scheme is divided into 3 categories in which the Government will help farmers. The government will provide a subsidy of 60% to farmers and 30% of the cost will be given by Government in form of loans.
  • Farmers will only have to give 10% of the total cost of the project. The electricity generated from the solar panel can be sold by the farmers.
  • PM KUSUM Scheme provides risk-free income for farmers.
  • It will help in developing a system to check groundwater overexploitation.
  • PM KUSUM Scheme provides uninterrupted power supply to farmers.
  • This scheme Helps in the reduction of carbon footprint in agriculture
  • PM KUSUM Scheme Reduces farmer’s burden of farm power subsidy.

PM KUSUM Scheme is divided into 3 components which are as follows:


  • Under PM KUSUM Scheme, workers will establish 10,000 MW of decentralized renewable energy power plants which are grid-connected on barren land
  • These grids will be set up by farmers, cooperatives, groups of farmers, panchayats, Water User Associations (WUA), and Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO)
  • The Power projects will be set up within the radius of 5 km of the sub-station


  • Under PM KUSUM Scheme, farmers will be supported to install stand-alone solar agriculture pumps worth 17.50 lakh
  • The capacity of the pumps will be up to 5 HP for the replacement of existing diesel agriculture pumps
  • The capacity can be higher than 7.5 HP but financial support will only be provided until 7.5 HP capacity


  • This PM KUSUM Scheme is for solarisation of 10 Lakh Grid Connected Agriculture Pumps and individual farmers will be supported to solarize pumps those having grid-connected pumps
  • Extrasolar power will be sold to Distribution Companies of India (DISCOMs) at a pre-fixed tariff
  • Farmer’s irrigation needs shall be met by using the generated solar power.


Q. What is the objective of PM KUSUM Scheme?

Ans. Increasing farmers’ income, provide reliable source for irrigation and de-dieselise the farm sector.

Q. Who launched PM KUSUM Scheme?

Ans. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)

Q. What is grid-connected solar plant?

Ans. A grid-connected photovoltaic system, or grid-connected PV system is an electricity generating solar PV power system that is connected to the utility grid.

Q.What is the full form of PM KUSUM Scheme?

Ans. PM-KUSUM (Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan)

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