New Education Policy was approved by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday that comes as a major and historic decision in the field of education after 34 years. The cabinet has also renamed the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) as Ministry of Education. The main motive is to focus on education and learning and make “India a global knowledge superpower”. The draft for the New Education Policy (NEP) 2020 was prepared by a panel of experts led by former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief K Kasturirangan. The new academic session for 2020-21 will begin in September-October due to the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak and the government intends to introduce the policy before the new session begins.
New Education Policy 2020: Highlights
- The aim of NEP 2020 is to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education including vocational education from 26.3% to 50% by 2035.
- All higher education institutions (HEIs) will aim to become multidisciplinary institutions, each of which will have 3,000 or more students.
New Education Policy 2020: Major Reforms in School Education
- Vocational education to be integrated into all schools and higher education institutions in a phased manner over the next decade.
- New National Curriculum framework will be introduced in schools for teachers, and adult education
- The medium of instruction for students till grade 5 will be in Home language or mother tongue
- The main focus will be on skills and capabilities of a child instead of just rote learning
- Major changes in the structure of the curriculum
- No rigid separation between arts, commerce and science streams
- Board examinations will be based on knowledge application
- 5+3+3+4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure to be followed
- Reduction in curriculum and vocational integration from class 6 onwards
- Creation of a Higher Education Commission of India (HECI).
New Education Policy 2020: Major Reforms in Higher Education
- A holistic and multidisciplinary approach towards education with the flexibility of subjects
- Multiple entry/exit in the UG program. For instance, a certificate will be given after completing 1 year in a discipline including vocational and professional areas, a diploma will be provided after 2 years of study, and a Bachelor’s degree after a 3-year programme.
- The 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s programme shall be the preferred option.
- A degree ‘with Research’ will be given to the student if he/she completes a rigorous research project in the 4-year program.
- M.Phil to be discontinued
- Academic Bank of Credits that would digitally store the academic credits earned by a student
- Research Intensive/ Teaching Intensive Universities to be established
- Foreign universities to set up campuses in India
- In every educational institution, there shall be counselling systems for students to handle stress and emotional adjustments.