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National Epilepsy Day 2022: What is Epilepsy, its Causes, Symptoms, and Facts

National Epilepsy Day 2022: On November 17, the National Epilepsy Day is held to increase public awareness of epilepsy. It is a long-term brain condition characterised by periodic “fits” or “seizures.” The Epilepsy Foundation observes National Epilepsy Day in India.

National Epilepsy Day 2022: About Epilepsy and Facts related to it

  • Epilepsy is a persistent brain condition called epilepsy that causes periodic “fits” or “seizures.” Sudden, excessive electrical discharges in the neurons or brain cells cause seizures.
  • People of any age can develop this ailment, and distinct issues arise for each age group.
  • Thus, epilepsy can be defined as a neurological condition in which the brain is the starting point for the predisposition to have seizures.
  • The fact that seizures occur in the brain is the only feature of all the many “epilepsies” that make up epilepsy.
  • A person is diagnosed with it after experiencing multiple seizures. Additionally, it is evident that not all seizures are caused by epilepsy.
  • Other situations, such as extremely low blood sugar, fainting, etc., can also produce seizures. The majority of epilepsy cases are diagnosed in youngsters and adults over 65.
  • Around 50 million people worldwide, 80% of whom reside in poor nations, are thought to have epilepsy, according to the WHO.
  • Although it is a treatable condition, three-fourths of those suffering in underdeveloped nations do not receive the right care.
  • In India, there are over 10 million people who experience seizures linked to epilepsy.

What happens on National Epilepsy Day?

On this day, a number of seminars, discussions, stage performances, etc. are organised to inform people about the epilepsy condition and available treatments. On this day, numerous hospitals also offer free care and host patient consultation camps.

Important Days and Dates 2022, List of National and International Days

What causes epilepsy?

  • A cerebral infection.
  • Congenital disorders
  • Brain tumours and strokes
  • Brain impairment brought on by perinatal and prenatal trauma.
  • A head injury or an accident.
  • A sustained high fever in children.
  • Infections such as meningitis or encephalitis.
  • Insufficient oxygen during birth.
  • Some hereditary disorders, such as tuberous sclerosis, can cause brain damage.

How to identify Epilepsy?

  • Loss of consciousness is one of the signs and symptoms of epilepsy.
  • Arm, leg, or facial muscles stiffen up.
  • A variety of feelings, such as pins and needles-like prickling in the arms or legs.
  • Involuntary jerking movements of the limbs, legs, etc.

How should I handle the seizures brought on by Epilepsy?

  • Not to panic.
  • If there are any, take off any neck-hugging clothing.
  • Take any sharp objects away from a seizure sufferer.
  • Gently roll the patient from one side to the other so that any liquid in the mouth drains.
  • Place a soft piece of cloth under the person’s head.
  • Don’t force or provide anything to the person’s mouth.
  • Stay with the person until assistance arrives.

Don’t forget that the right medications can be used to treat epilepsy disease. As soon as the illness is identified, begin treatment. The treatment should not be postponed, though, as that is crucial.  The person’s condition won’t worsen this way, we can guarantee it.

The following are some suggestions for epileptics:

  • The right medicine should be taken as prescribed by the doctor even if the epilepsy patient does not experience seizures.
  • Never stop taking drugs without consulting a physician.
  • It is best to consult with or get medical advice from a doctor before taking any additional medications.
  • Avoid alcohol because it can cause seizures.

In other words, we can state that epilepsy is a disorder in which seizures happen in neurons or brain cells.

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