Must Do on Properties of Acids and Bases

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Properties of Acids and Bases

A table of these properties is shown here which distinguishes  acids and bases apart from one another by some of their easily observed chemical and physical properties.

Acid
Base
Definition
Arrhenius
Definition
:
An acid is
any chemical compound which when dissolved in water gives a solution with a
hydrogen ion activity greater than in pure water.
A base is an
aqueous substance that can accept hydrogen ions. 
Bronstead
Lowry Definition:
An acid is
an substance which donates a proton.
A base is
any substance which accepts a proton.
Physical
characteristics
Depending on
the temperature, acids can occur in solid, liquid or gaseous form. Taste sour.
Bases feel
slippery because of the reaction of the base with the oils of your hand.
Frequently solids except ammonia which is a gas. Taste bitter.
Phenolphthalein
colorless
pink
Strength
depends on
concentration of the hydronium ions
depends on
concentration of the hydroxide ions
Dissociation
Acids free
hydrogen ions (H+) when mixed with water.
Bases free
hydroxide ions (OH-) when mixed with water.
Chemical
Formula
An acid has
a chemical formula with H at the beginning of it.
There is one
exception to his rule, CH3COOH = Acetic Acid (vinegar)
A base has a
chemical formula with OH at the end of it
Litmus test
Acids change litmus paper red.
Bases change
litmus paper blue.
Examples
Acetic acid
i.e.CH3COOH and Sulfuric acid
Sodium
Hydroxide (NAOH) and Ammonia (NH3)

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