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Shaheed Diwas 2020: Importance, Significance & Why is it celebrated

Every year on 23rd March India celebrates Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas to honour all the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for this country. Martyr’s Day is also celebrated on 30th January to pay homage to the victims who fought for the freedom, glory, welfare and progress of India. Read the complete article to know the reason behind celebrating Martyr’s Day on 30th January and 23rd March. India is one of the 15 countries to celebrate Martyr’s Day.

Martyr’s Day: 23rd March

23rd March is also celebrated as Martyr’s Day to remember the contribution of three young and brave freedom fighters: Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar. They took different paths from Mahatma Gandhi, but the motive was same to get Independence from British rule.

On 8th April, 1929 Bhagat Singh and his companions threw bombs over the Central Legislative Assembly by chanted the slogan “Inquillab Zindabad”. They were charged with murder cases for this,  and on 23rd March, 1931 they were sentenced to death. Their bodies were cremated at the banks of the Sutlej River.

Martyr’s Day: 30th January

Martyr’s Day is celebrated on 30th January to mark the death anniversary of “Father of the Nation” Mahatma Gandhi. The contribution of Mahatma Gandhi for the freedom of this contribution needs no explanation. Mahatma Gandhi played a prominent role in the freedom struggle through non-violent and peaceful methods. On 30 January, 1948 Mahatma Gandhi was murdered by Nathuram Godse in the Birla House during his evening prayers. Nathuram Vinayak Godse was an advocate of Hindu nationalism and a member of the political party Hindu Mahasabha. He was sentenced to death on 8th November 1949. 

Government of India announced January 30 as Shaheed Diwas or Martyrs’ Day. The President, the Vice-President, the Prime Minister, and the Defense Minister of our country get together at the Rajghat to the Samadhi of the Mahatma Gandhi and put down flowers garland at the statue of Father of the Nation’ to pay homage to his contribution for our country.

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