Learn Vocab With Daily News Articles For Govt Exams: 28 June

Dear Aspirants,
If we speak of hot topics like career, education and a propitious life, the English Language is ineluctable. In Exams like SSC CPO and and SSC CGL where dealing with English and General Awareness Section is mandatory, reading this way is beneficial. If you find it arduous to learn new words in a plain mode, ADDA247 is here to buttress your learning skills in a more fun and productive way.
Taking felicitous snippet from well reputed newspaper editorials, our motive is not just to make you learn the English language but keep you updated with the current affairs and events across the world which are important from the govt exams point of view. Either you are a job aspirant or a working person or just want to outsmart others, this is a befitting platform to expedite your performance thoroughly.


After all the (1) hullabaloo about the state of India-Seychelles ties in the Indian media, no dramatic deceleration was evident if one looks at the outcome of the visit of Seychelles President Danny Faure to India this week. On the much-discussed Assumption Island project, while Prime Minister Narendra Modi suggested that the two nations “have agreed to work on the Assumption Island project based on each other’s rights,” Faure made it clear that the two nations remain engaged and “will work together, bearing each other’s interests.” It is clear that despite the domestic (2) turbulence in Seychelles on the issue, both sides recognize the need to maintain a level of engagement.

Other pacts signed during Faure’s visit include white shipping agreement, twinning agreement between Panaji and Victoria, Seychelles, cyber-security pact, exchange between Foreign Service Institute and the Seychelles foreign office as well as cultural exchanges. The (3) gamut of these agreements clearly signifies the expansive nature of India-Seychelles engagement, something which was seemingly lost during the (4) furore over the Assumption Island.

The two islands — Agalega in the Mauritius and Assumption in the Seychelles — have been seen as strategically critical for India in the Indian Ocean region as along with an Indian listening post on Madagascar, off the coast of Africa, commissioned in 2007, they can enhance India’s maritime domain awareness. Domestic political calculus in Seychelles has sunk the Assumption Project (5) for the time being. But the (6) doom and gloom surrounding the discourse on Seychelles in India is certainly not in sync with the health of the bilateral relationship as evidenced during Faure’s visit.

The China factor is certainly an important aspect of Indian outreach in the Indian Ocean region. Beijing’s involvement in the development of deep-sea ports in a string of (7) littoral states in India’s neighborhood has been a cause of concern for New Delhi. China established its first overseas military base in Djibouti last year near the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, one of the three critical Indian Ocean arteries. And then the (8) acquisition of the Hambantota port in Sri Lanka further added to Indian anxieties. But India’s ties with the Seychelles go beyond China. The two have shared a (9) robust defense engagement after signing an MoU on defense cooperation in 2003. The challenge for India in the Indian Ocean region is to keep on persevering in building a regional order that remains (10) conducive to not only its own peace, but also its neighbors’ security and prosperity.

1. HULLABALOO (noun) कोलाहल
Meaning: a state of noisy, confused activity.
Synonyms: commotion, fuss, uproar, hubbub, outcry, ruckus, ado, palaver, hue and cry, pandemonium, mayhem, tumult, turmoil, hurly-burly, din, clamor, bedlam, babel, rumpus.
Antonyms: calm, hush, peace, quiet, quietude, rest, stillness, tranquility, order, orderliness.

2. TURBULENCE (noun)  अशांति
Meaning: a state of conflict or confusion.
Synonyms: turmoil, instability, conflict, upheaval, tumult, troubles, unrest, ferment, disorder, disruption, disturbance, chaos, confusion.
Antonyms: calm, composure, serenity, sedateness, stability, quiescence, repose, stillness, peace.

3. GAMUT (noun)  विस्तार
Meaning: the complete range or scope of something.
Synonyms: spectrum, span, sweep, compass, area, width, reach, extent, catalogue, scale, sequence, series, variety.
Antonyms: extreme

4. FURORE (noun) कोहराम
Meaning: an outbreak of public anger or excitement.
Synonyms: ado, ballyhoo, blather, bluster, bobbery, bother, bustle, clatter, commotion, disturbance, foofaraw, pandemonium, pother, row, ruckus, turmoil, uproar, welter.
Antonyms: hush, peace, quietude, rest, stillness, tranquility, orderliness
5. FOR THE TIME BEING (idiom) वर्तमान समय में
Meaning: At the present moment; for now.
Usage: Let’s just stay focused on this for the time being, we can address other issues later in the meeting.

6. DOOM AND GLOOM (idiom)   निराशामय
Meaning: (A situation) characterized by negativity or futility.
Usage: The situation isn’t all doom and gloom—there are still plenty of good schools that did accept you!

7. LITTORAL (adjective)  समुद्र-तट का
Meaning: of, relating to, or situated in the waters near the shore.
Synonyms: alongshore, coastal, inshore, offshore, seaside, waterside.
Antonyms: deepwater, oceanic, oasis, inland, intercontinental.

8. ACQUISITION (noun)  अभिग्रहण
Meaning: the buying or obtaining of assets or objects.
Synonyms: accession, addition, investment, possession, accretion, accomplishment, acquirement, attainment.
Antonyms: loss, dearth, lack, outlet, vent, take off, reduction, surrender, debt.

9. ROBUST (adjective)  मजबूत
Meaning: strongly formed or constructed.
Synonyms: durable, resilient, tough, hard-wearing, long-lasting, well made, sturdy, strong, rejuvenated, revitalized.
Antonyms: frail, infirm, wan, weak, weakened, powerless, prostrate.

10. CONDUCIVE (adjective) हितकर
Meaning: making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible.
Synonyms: productive, useful, favorable, beneficial, valuable, advantageous, opportune, propitious, encouraging, promising, convenient, aid.
Antonyms: damaging, deleterious, disadvantageous, harmful, injurious, unfavorable, unhelpful.

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