THE SPIRIT OF SENTOSA
The Nobel Peace Prize has been conferred on international organizations which simply do their job and even the promoters of impractical (1) disarmament initiatives, while the real issues that involve the very survival of mankind cry out for out-of-the-box solutions. Three (2) festering situations which guarantee this Nobel for anyone who can break the (3) impasse are Korea, Palestine and Kashmir. There is no dearth of proposals to resolve them but they (4) elude acceptance as the parties concerned have adopted ironclad positions. The traditional approach is to let things be.Till very recently, North Korea was a clear case of a total freeze being preferable to any (5) meddling that might cause an escalation.
Three generations of Kim held the world to ransom while successive U.S. Presidents followed a (6) carrot and stick approach to keep things within manageable limits. The outcome, on June 12, which made the world heave a sigh of relief, was characterized as a comprehensive document. In fact, there is nothing in the document which was not agreed in 1994 and 2005. Though it is a four-point document, in actual fact it is nothing more than a declaration of intent. Crucial issues such as denuclearization and a guarantee of security remain undefined. There is no timeframe either for any of the proposals. (7) There could be many a slip between the cup and the lip. Still, a grateful world has hailed it as real progress and called for the Nobel for Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim.
The number of bilateral and multilateral agreements that Mr. Trump has sacrificed and his irrational agendas cannot be forgotten just because of what he has decided on North Korea. Mr. Kim, on the other hand, was till the other day the butcher of North Korea where his family oppressed their people, starved them and used the nation’s resources to (8) splurge on weapons of mass destruction. Instead, the person who should get the Nobel was not on Sentosa. South Korean President Moon Jae-in — who is the real peace maker — was in Seoul, thinking about the two leaders whose decisions will be critical for his country and the wider region. He knew that his country would be the first to face the fire and fury that Mr. Trump had talked about. With determination, charm and (9) incorrigible optimism, he stuck his neck out, ready to pay a price if his efforts failed. He even unhesitatingly stepped on to North Korean soil when asked to by Mr. Kim and the agreement they reached in the path of peace was unequivocal. The transparency and dignity of Mr. Moon is a model worth (10) emulating.
1. DISARMAMENT (noun) निरस्त्रीकरण
Meaning: the reduction or elimination of a country’s armed forces or weapons.
Synonyms: demilitarization, demobilization, reduction, limitation, de-escalation, pacification, disablement, subjugation.
Antonyms: equipment, mechanization, mobilization, armament, militarization, rearmament, buildup.
2. FESTERING (adjective) कटुता उत्पन्न होना
Meaning: persisting and growing increasingly bitter over time
Synonyms: infected, corrupt, putrescent, mortified, sphacelated, sour, spoiled, foul.
Antonyms: soothing, spry, lively, florid, refreshing, brisk, invigorating, balmy, fluent.
3. IMPASSE (noun) गतिरोध
Meaning: a situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement.
Synonyms: deadlock, stalemate, checkmate, standstill, halt, stop, stoppage, predicament, quagmire, mire, dilemma.
Antonyms: breakthrough, advance, headway, progression, evolution, promotion, growth, betterment.
4. ELUDE (verb) बच निकलना
Meaning: to get or keep away from (as a responsibility) through cleverness or trickery.
Synonyms: evade, dodge, flee, escape, circumvent, bilk, shirk, shun, obviate, debar, parry, skirt.
Antonyms: accept, court, embrace, pursue, seek, welcome, catch, contract, incur, engage, abide.
5. MEDDLING (noun) दखल
Meaning: Intrusive or unwarranted interference.
Synonyms: interference, tampering, prying, nosiness, intervention, intrusion, officiousness, obtrusion.
Antonyms: negligence, insolence, indifference, carelessness, despising, inattention, disestimation.
6. CARROT AND STICK (idiom) साम दाम दंड भेद
Meaning: A motivational tactic that uses a reward and punishment system to encourage improved performance or behavior.
Usage: Companies are slowly learning that the carrot and stick approach to management is ineffective—employees are much more motivated to do a better job when they are recognized for their hard work.
7. THERE’S MANY A SLIP BETWEEN THE CUP AND THE LIP (idiom) टूट गई मंगली रह गया ब्याह
Meaning: Even something that one feels confident will succeed can have disastrous problems before it concludes.
Usage: Everything seems to be going smoothly, but there’s many a slip twixt cup and lip, so don’t lose focus until we’re over the finish line.
8. SPLURGE (verb) कोलाहपूर्ण प्रदर्शन
Meaning: to spend extravagantly or ostentatiously.
Synonyms: waste, squander, fling, ware, consume, swank, flaunt, dissipate, disburse.
Antonyms: economize, accumulate, hoard, conserve, preserve, protect, amass, maintain, retain.
9. INCORRIGIBLE (adjective) असंशोधनीय
Meaning: incapable of being corrected or amended.
Synonyms: inveterate, habitual, confirmed, hardened, incurable, irredeemable, intractable, diehard, impenitent, unrepentant, unapologetic, unashamed.
Antonyms: occasional, repentant, remorseful, rueful, correctable, fixable, rectifiable, reparable, salvable, curable, reclaimable, recoverable, redeemable, retrievable.
10. EMULATE (verb) अनुकरण करना
Meaning: to use (someone or something) as the model for one’s speech, mannerisms, or behavior.
Synonyms: ape, copy, imitate, mime, mimic, ditto, echo, reecho, repeat, follow, contend.
Antonyms: neglect, spurn, reject, upbraid, reprove, proscribe, affront, disregard, condemn.
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