Learn Vocab With Daily News Articles For Govt Exams: 14 August

If we speak of hot topics like career, education and a propitious life, the English Language is ineluctable. In Exams like SSC CPO and and SSC CGL where dealing with English and General Awareness Section is mandatory, reading this way is beneficial. If you find it arduous to learn new words in a plain mode, ADDA247 is here to buttress your learning skills in a more fun and productive way.
Taking felicitous snippet from well reputed newspaper editorials, our motive is not just to make you learn the English language but keep you updated with the current affairs and events across the world which are important from the govt exams point of view. Either you are a job aspirant or a working person or just want to outsmart others, this is a befitting platform to expedite your performance thoroughly.

Keeping dry: On Kerala floods

Kerala’s floods show the need for governments to strengthen resilience planning
The catastrophic impact of monsoon rainfall on several districts of Kerala has come as a grim reminder that the vigil against unpredictable natural disasters must never be relaxed. More than three dozen people have died and an estimated ₹8,316 crore worth of economic assets have been lost in the seasonal rain, particularly over the past week. The gates of reservoirs in the Idukki system, a giant hydroelectric project, and several other dams have been opened, inundating riverside habitations downstream. At the peak of the havoc, about 60,000 people whose dwellings suffered damage were lodged in relief camps. In the northern districts, damage to houses, roads and other structures has occurred owing to landslips caused by incessant showers. There is genuine concern that a temporary respite in rainfall may be followed by another intense downpour from nascent weather systems; the India Meteorological Department has forecast rain until August 17. It is to Kerala’s credit that the deluge has led not to a partisan blame game over planning, relief and rehabilitation, but an all-round effort to look ahead and plan for reconstruction. The Centre has done well to get a first-hand estimate of the havoc from Home Minister Rajnath Singh, although the initial announcement of ₹100 crore towards relief is incongruous with the scale of the damage. Crucial support has come from the armed forces as well to normalise the situation.

Kerala’s unusually heavy monsoon this year is in contrast to the long-period trend of rainfall. According to an analysis of data on the monsoon between 1954 and 2003 by climate researchers at the University of Cambridge, overall this part of the country had become drier in summer, but with an emerging frequency of destructive flash floods in rare events. This trend is expected to become stronger. This points to the need for governments to strengthen their resilience planning. It should begin with a programme to relocate people away from hazard zones along the rivers that were in spate in Kerala over the past week after the shutters of more than two dozen dams were opened. Finding suitable land is, of course, a challenge in a populous, forested State, but it is an absolute necessity to prepare for the future. It is reasonable to expect that with its efficient primary health care network, Kerala will take all measures necessary to avoid epidemics in the wake of the floods. The spectacular disaster this year also underscores the role of the government as the insurer of last resort for the average citizen. In Mumbai last year, for instance, those who had private household insurance cover against disasters discovered the limitations of such policies, since the companies were unwilling to pay many home owners for a key risk such as costly displacement from homes since the houses were not structurally damaged. All States naturally look to Kerala, with its record of social development, for evolving best practices to handle such natural disasters.
1. Grim: (adjective)=भयंकर
Meaning: harsh and threatening in manner or appearance
Synonyms: austere, dour, fierce, flinty, forbidding, gruff, intimidating, lowering (also louring), rough, rugged, severe, stark, steely, stern, ungentle
Antonyms: benign, benignant, gentle, mild, tender
2. Vigil:(noun)=जलूस
Meaning: an act or period of watching for signs of activity, danger, or opportunity
Synonyms: lookout, surveillance, watch
Antonyms: disregard, ignorance, heedlessnes, neglect

3. Inundate: (verb)=जल प्लावित करना
Meaning: to cover with a flood
Synonyms: deluge, drown, engulf, flood, gulf, overflow, overwhelm, submerge, submerse, swamp
Antonyms: drain
4. Incessant: (adjective)=निरंतर
Meaning: going on and on without any interruptions
Synonyms: ceaseless, continual, continued, continuing, continuous, nonstop, perpetual, running, unbroken, unceasing, uninterrupted, unremitting
Antonyms: discontinuous, noncontinuous
5. Respite: (noun)=मोहलत
Meaning: a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant.
Synonyms: downtime, hiatus, interruption, relaxation, reprieve, truce
Antonyms: continuation, advance, beginning, censure
6. Nascent: (adjective)=उत्पन्न
Meaning: beginning to come into existence
Synonyms: aborning, budding, inceptive, inchoate, incipient
Antonyms: adult, full-blown, full-fledged, mature, ripe, ripened
7. Deluge:(noun)=जल-प्रलय
Meaning: a great flow of water or of something that overwhelms
Synonyms: bath, cataclysm, cataract, flood, flood tide, inundation, Niagara, overflow, spate, torrent
Antonyms: drought
8. Incongruous: (adjective)=असंगत
Meaning: not appropriate for a particular occasion or situation
Synonyms: amiss, graceless, improper, inapposite, inappropriate, inapt, incorrect, indecorous, inept, infelicitous, perverse, unbecoming, unfit, unhappy, unseemly, unsuitable, untoward, wrong
Antonyms: appropriate, becoming, befitting, correct, decorous, felicitous, fit, fitting, genteel, happy, meet, proper, right, seemly, suitable
9. Spate:(noun)=नदी की बाढ
Meaning: a great flow of water or of something that overwhelms
Synonyms: bath, deluge, flood, flood tide, inundation, Niagara, overflow, torrent
Antonyms: drought
10. Spectacular: (noun)=शानदार
Meaning: an elaborate, visually exciting show or event
Synonyms: circus, extravaganza, pageant, spectacle


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