States and Capitals of India: India is the 7th largest country in the world and the 2nd most populous country in the world. With a total of 28 states and 8 Union Territories, it forms a union of states in India. Each state of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital some state all three functions are conducted in one capital. Every state is ruled by a Chief Minister. India is a union of states and in the states, the Governor, as the representative of the President, is the head of Executive. The system of state government closely resembles that of the Union. This article will answer all your questions and clear all your doubts related to the states and capitals of India.
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How many states in India right now?
As of September 2020, there are total 28 states in India and 8 Union Territories. Union Territories are administered by the President through the administrators that are appointed. Hon’ble President of India is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union. Each state has its own chief ministers formulating the policies required to run the state.
What is a State?
Each state of India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital some state all three functions are conducted in one capital. It is a territory that has its own Chief Minister. A state has its own separate government. Functions of the state are handled by the State Government such as security, healthcare, governance, revenue generation etc.
List of the States Of India and their Capitals
Here is the list of the Indian States and their capitals that every Indian must know:
|S.no||States Name||Capital||Founded on|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad (Proposed Capital Amaravati)||1 Nov. 1956|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||20 Feb. 1987|
|3||Assam||Dispur||26 Jan. 1950|
|4||Bihar||Patna||26 Jan. 1950|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Raipur||1 Nov. 2000|
|6||Goa||Panaji||30 May. 1987|
|7||Gujarat||Gandhinagar||1 May. 1960|
|8||Haryana||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||25 Jan. 1971|
|10||Jharkhand||Ranchi||15 Nov. 2000|
|11||Karnataka||Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore)||1 Nov. 1956|
|12||Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram||1 Nov. 1956|
|13||Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||1 Nov. 1956|
|14||Maharashtra||Mumbai||1 May. 1960|
|15||Manipur||Imphal||21 Jan. 1972|
|16||Meghalaya||Shillong||21 Jan. 1972|
|17||Mizoram||Aizawl||20 Feb. 1987|
|18||Nagaland||Kohima||1 Dec. 1963|
|19||Odisha||Bhubaneswar||26 Jan. 1950|
|20||Punjab||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1956|
|21||Rajasthan||Jaipur||1 Nov. 1956|
|22||Sikkim||Gangtok||16 May. 1975|
|23||Tamil Nadu||Chennai||26 Jan. 1950|
|24||Telangana||Hyderabad||2 Jun. 2014|
|25||Tripura||Agartala||21 Jan. 1972|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||26 Jan. 1950|
|9 Nov. 2000|
|28||West Bengal||Kolkata||1 Nov. 1956|
What is a Union Territory?
A Union Territory is an administrative division that is directly controlled by the Central Government. Union Territories are ruled directly by the Central Government and have a Lieutenant Governor as an administrator, who is the representative of the President of India and appointed by the Central government.
Note: Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & Kashmir do not operate in the same manner as the other five Union Territories of India since they have partial statehood status and have their own elected legislative assemblies.
How many Union Territories are there in India?
There are a total of 8 Union territories in India. Here is the list of Union Territories of India and their capitals:
|Union territories||Capital||Founded on|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||1 Nov. 1956|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli,||Daman||26 Jan. 2020|
|Delhi||New Delhi||9 May. 1905|
|Lakshadweep||Kavaratti||1 Nov. 1956|
|Puducherry||Pondicherry||1 Nov. 1954|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer)
|31 Oct 2019|
|Ladakh||Leh||31 Oct 2019|
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Difference Between State and Union Territory
|The state has its own administrative units with their own elected government.||Union Territories are constituent units which are controlled and administered by the Central Government.|
|Executive Head is the Governor||Executive Head is the President|
|The relationship with the Centre is Federal.||Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rest in the hands of Union.|
|Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people.||Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & Kashmir)|
|Chief Minister is the real head.||Lieutenant is the real head.|
States and Capitals of India: History
India is a sovereign, secular, democratic, republic country with a parliamentary system of government. India gained its independence on 15th August 1947. It is a land of rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. States and Capitals of India are the basis of its linguistic, cultural and geographical demarcation. Every state and union territory in India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital of its own. After independence, it comprised of 2 political units namely the British Provinces and the Princely States. The partition between India and Pakistan gave three options to the princely states:
- Joining India
- Joining Pakistan
- Remaining independent
Out of the 552 princely states situated within India, 549 joined India and remaining 3 refused to join India. However, they also integrated later. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and it was implemented on 26 January 1950. The boundaries of states of India are reorganized on the linguistic basis by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
States and Capitals of India: UT Updates
Check out the recent updates on UT’s as of July 2020.
Since 26th January 2020, India has 8 union territories. The U.T Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli have become a single union territory.
- On August 5, the central government had also announced the abrogation of the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and its division into two Union Territories i.e. UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.
With the merger of Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the number of UT’s have come down to eight.
States and Capitals of India: Articles in the Constitution
Articles 1 to 4 under Part 1 of the constitution describe India and its territories.
- Article 1 describes India as the “Union of States” and not “Federation of states” The names of states and their territories are mentioned in the first schedule of the constitution.
- Article 2 permits the parliament to ‘admit into the Union of India or establish new states on such terms as it thinks fit.’ Hence, it gives power to parliament to establish new states.
- Article 3 authorises the parliament to-
a) form new state by separation of territory
b) increase the area of state
c) diminish the area of any state
d) alter the boundary of any state
e) alter the name of any state
List of the Indian States and their Languages:
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Telengu and Urudu|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Miji, Apotanji,Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi,Honpa, Bangini-Nishi|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Hindi and Pahari|
|10||Mizoram||Mizo and English|
|11||Jammu & Kashmir||Kashmiri, Dogiri, Urdu,Ladakki, Pahari, Panjabi and Dadri|
|18||Meghalaya||Khashi, JaintiaAnd Garo|
|19||Nagaland||Ao, Konyak, Angami,Sema and Lotha|
|22||Rajasthan||Rajasthani and Hindi|
|23||Sikkim||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali,Lepcha, Limbu|
|25||Tripura||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak|
States and Capitals of India FAQs
Q. How many states are there in India in 2020?
Ans. There are 28 states in India.
Q. How many union territories are there in India?
Ans. There are 8 Union Territories in India.
Q. Which State having common borders with the maximum number of States?
Ans. Uttar Pradesh
Q. Which is the largest State (area-wise) in India?
Q. Which state in India occupies the same ranking position in respect of area and population?