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States and Capitals of India 2020 (Updated List): Total 28 States & 8 UTs In India

States and Capitals of India 2020: India is one of the most diverse nations in the world, is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories. Check out the complete list of Indian states and union territories that every Indian must know.

States and Capitals of India 2020

How many states are there in India? India is the 7th Largest and 2nd most populous country in the world. With 28 states and 8 Union Territories, it forms a union of states in India. Every state in India has its own cultural significance. States and Capitals of India define the country and its policies. India is a union of states and in the states, the Governor, as the representative of the President, is the head of Executive. The system of state government closely resembles that of the Union. This article will answer all your questions and clear all your doubts related to the states and capitals of India.

Largest State in India – Check complete States list based on Area and population

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How many states in India right now? 

As of May 2020, there are 28 total states in India and 8 Union Territories. Union Territories are administered by the President through the administrators that are appointed. Hon’ble President of India is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union. Each state has its own chief ministers formulating the policies required to run the state.

States and capitals of India

What is a State?

A state is an independent unit that consists of its own Legislative Assembly and elected representatives. It is a territory that has its own Chief Minister. A state has its own separate government. Functions of the state are handled by the State Government such as security, healthcare, governance, revenue generation etc.

List of the States Of India and their Capitals

Here is the list of the Indian States and their capitals that every Indian must know:

S.no States Name Capital Founded on
1 Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad (Proposed Capital Amaravati) 1 Nov. 1956
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 20 Feb. 1987
3 Assam Dispur 26 Jan. 1950
4 Bihar Patna 26 Jan. 1950
5 Chhattisgarh Raipur 1 Nov. 2000
6 Goa Panaji 30 May. 1987
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar 1 May. 1960
8 Haryana Chandigarh 1 Nov. 1966
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla 25 Jan. 1971
10 Jharkhand Ranchi 15 Nov. 2000
11 Karnataka Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore) 1 Nov. 1956
12 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram 1 Nov. 1956
13 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 1 Nov. 1956
14 Maharashtra Mumbai 1 May. 1960
15 Manipur Imphal 21 Jan. 1972
16 Meghalaya Shillong 21 Jan. 1972
17 Mizoram Aizawl 20 Feb. 1987
18 Nagaland Kohima 1 Dec. 1963
19 Odisha Bhubaneswar 26 Jan. 1950
20 Punjab Chandigarh 1 Nov. 1956
21 Rajasthan Jaipur 1 Nov. 1956
22 Sikkim Gangtok 16 May. 1975
23 Tamil Nadu Chennai 26 Jan. 1950
24 Telangana Hyderabad 2 Jun. 2014
25 Tripura Agartala 21 Jan. 1972
26 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 26 Jan. 1950
27 Uttarakhand Dehradun (Winter)
Gairsain (Summer)
9 Nov. 2000
28 West Bengal Kolkata 1 Nov. 1956

Largest State in India – Check complete States list based on Area and population

What is a Union Territory?

A Union Territory is an administrative division that is directly controlled by the Central Government.  Union Territories are ruled directly by the Central Government and have a Lieutenant Governor as an administrator, who is the representative of the President of India and appointed by the Central government.

Note: Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & Kashmir do not operate in the same manner as the other five Union Territories of India since they have partial statehood status and have their own elected legislative assemblies.

List of Union Territories Of India and Capitals

How many Union Territories are there in India? There are a total of 8 Union territories in India. Here is the list of Union Territories of India and their capitals:

Union territories Capital Founded on
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair 1 Nov. 1956
Chandigarh Chandigarh 1 Nov. 1966
Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman 26 Jan. 2020
Delhi New Delhi 9 May. 1905
Lakshadweep Kavaratti 1 Nov. 1956
Puducherry Pondicherry 1 Nov. 1954
Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
31 Oct 2019
Ladakh Leh 31 Oct 2019

 

Difference Between State and Union Territory

State Union Territories
 The state has its own administrative units with their own elected government. Union Territories are constituent units which are controlled and administered by the Central Government.
Executive Head is the Governor Executive Head is the President
The relationship with the Centre is Federal. Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rest in the hands of Union.
Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people. Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu & Kashmir)
Chief Minister is the real head. Lieutenant is the real head.

 

States and Capitals of India: History 

India is a sovereign, secular, democratic, republic country with a parliamentary system of government. India gained its independence on 15th August 1947. It is a land of rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. States and Capitals of India are the basis of its linguistic, cultural and geographical demarcation. Every state and union territory in India has an administrative, legislative and judicial capital of its own. After independence, it comprised of 2 political units namely the British Provinces and the Princely States. The partition between India and Pakistan gave three options to the princely states:

  1. Joining India
  2. Joining Pakistan
  3. Remaining independent

Out of the 552 princely states situated within India, 549 joined India and remaining 3 refused to join India. However, they also integrated later. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 1949 and it was implemented on 26 January 1950. The boundaries of states of India are reorganized on the linguistic basis by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.

States and Capitals of India: Articles in the Constitution

Articles 1 to 4 under Part 1 of the constitution describe India and its territories.

  • Article 1 describes India as the “Union of States” and not “Federation of states” The names of states and their territories are mentioned in the first schedule of the constitution.
  • Article 2 permits the parliament to ‘admit into the Union of India or establish new states on such terms as it thinks fit.’ Hence, it gives power to parliament to establish new states.
  • Article 3 authorises the parliament to-
    a) form new state by separation of territory
    b) increase the area of state
    c) diminish the area of any state
    d) alter the boundary of any state
    e) alter the name of any state

List of Indian States and their Languages:

Sl.No. States Language
1 Andhra Pradesh Telengu and Urudu
2 Arunachal Pradesh Miji, Apotanji,Merdukpen, Tagin,Adi,Honpa, Bangini-Nishi
3 Assam Assamese
4 Bihar Hindi
5 Chattisgarh Hindi
6 Goa Marathiand Konkani
7 Gujarat Gujarati
8 Haryana Hindi
9 Himachal Pradesh Hindi and Pahari
10 Mizoram Mizo and English
11 Jammu & Kashmir Kashmiri, Dogiri, Urdu,Ladakki, Pahari, Panjabi and Dadri
12 Jharkhand Hindi
13 Karnataka Kannada
14 Kerala Malayalam
15 MadhyaPradesh Hindi
16 Maharashtra Marathi
17 Manipur Manipuri
18 Meghalaya Khashi, JaintiaAnd Garo
19 Nagaland Ao, Konyak, Angami,Sema and Lotha
20 Odisha Oriya
21 Punjab Punjabi
22 Rajasthan Rajasthani and Hindi
23 Sikkim Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali,Lepcha, Limbu
24 Tamil Nadu Tamil
25 Tripura Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak
26 Telangana Telugu
27 Uttar Pradesh Hindi
28 Uttrakhand Hindi
29 West Bengal Bengali

 

States and Capitals of India FAQs

Q. How many states are there in India in 2020?
Ans. There are 28 states in India.

Q. How many union territories are there in India?
Ans. There are 8 Union Territories in India.

Q. Which State having common borders with the maximum number of States?
Ans. Uttar Pradesh

Q. Which is the largest State (area-wise) in India?
Ans. Rajasthan

Q. Which state in India occupies the same ranking position in respect of area and population?
Ans. Meghalaya

 

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