INDIAN POLITY SERIES- FRAMING OF THE CONSTITUTION

Dear Readers,
SSC being all about the General Studies, we have decided to provide you a series where you will get material related to all the subjects coming under GS. This can prove to be a weapon in your preparation. If you manage to get good marks in Tier I then your efforts might ease at Tier II. General Studies is something that you can prepare gradually. If you think that you can do it in a go then it is really tough. So it is better if you go step by step. So here we go with POLITY today. Try to remember facts and you will get a good grip on the GS and we will post some questions tomorrow in the morning related to this post.
FRAMING
OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION
It was
under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946 that the Constituent Assembly was constituted
to frame a Constitution for India. The Constituent Assembly, which had been
elected for undivided India and held its first sitting on Dec. 9, 1946,
reassembled on Aug. 14, 1947, as the sovereign Constituent Assembly for the Dominion
of India. 
As a
result of the partition under the Plan of June 3, 1947, a separate Constituent
Assembly was set up for Pakistan.
The representatives of Bengal, Punjab, Sind, North-Western Frontier Province, Baluchistan and the Sylhet district of Assam (which had joined Pakistan by a referendum) ceased to be members of the Constituent Assembly of India, and there was a fresh election in the new Provinces of West Bengal and East Punjab. (Hence, when the Constituent Assembly reassembled on Oct. 31,1947) the membership of the House was reduced to 299. 
Of these 284 were actually present on Nov. 26, 1949, and appended their signatures to the Constitution that was finally passed. President of the Constitution Assembly was Dr. Rajandra Prasad.

HOW THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY OF INDIA WAS CONSTITUTED?
The Constituent Assembly of India was elected through indirect election by the members of the Provincial Legislative Assembly (Lower House only), according to the scheme recommended by the Cabinet Delegation.
The essentials of this scheme were as follows:
(i) The Provinces elected 292 members; while the Indian States were allotted a maximum of 93 seats.
(ii) The seats in each province were distributed among the three main committees Muslim, Sikh, and General, in proportion to their respective population.
(iii) Members of each community in the Provincial Legislative Assembly elected their own representatives by the method of proportional representation with single transferable vote.
(iv) The method of selection in the case of representatives of Indian States was to be determined by nomination.
The Constituent Assembly next met in Nov. 1948 to consider the provisions of the Draft Committee, clause by clause. The second reading of the clauses was completed by Oct. 17, 1949, and the third reading on Nov. 26, 1949, when the Constitution received the signature of the President of the Assembly and was declared as passed. While certain provisions of the constitution – those relating to citizenship, elections, provisional Parliament, etc. were given immediate effect, the rest of the Constitution came into force on Jan. 26, 1950 because the Congress had been celebrating Independence Day on January 26 every year since 1930. The Constituent Assembly itself became
the first provisional parliament. The first elections to parliament were held in 1952.

Acceptance
of the Constitution:

On
Aug. 29, 1947, the Constituent Assembly appointed a Drafting Committee under
the chairmanship of Dr. Ambedkar. This committee came out with a draft
Constitution of India in Feb. 1948.
MEMBERS
OF THE DRAFTING COMMITTEE
1. Dr.
B.R.Ambedkar (Chairman)
2. N.
Gopalaswamy Ayyanagar
3.
Alladi Krishnaswamy Ayyar
4.
K.M. Munshi
5.
Mohd. Saadullah,
6.
B.L. Mitter (later replaced by N. Madhava Rao)
7. Dr.
D.P.Khaitan (replaced on death by T.T. Krishnamachari)



Note: 
1) The Constitution of India was framed by a Constituent Assembly which was set up under the Cabinet mission plan(1946).
2) The Constituent Assembly took almost 3 years (2 years, 11 months, and 18 days) to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for an Independent India.
3) During this period it held 11 sessions covering a total of 165 days. Of these, 114 days were spent on the consideration of and discussion on the Draft Constitution.

4) Dr. Sachidanand Sinha was the first president of the Constitituent Assembly.  Later, Dr.Rajendra Prasad was elected president of the Constituent Assembly while B.R. Ambedkar was appointed the Chairman of the Drafting Committee.

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