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Indian China Trade At a Glance, Bilateral Trade and Investment

India China Trade At a Glance

The India-China trade is to cross USD 100 billion for the second consecutive year as it has gone up to USD 67.08 billion in the first half of 2022 amid a big rise in Chinese exports, as per the official trade data.

China’s exports to India have scaled to USD 57.51 billion, up by 34.5% last year while Indian exports to China chop down to USD 9.57 billion, a decline of 35.3 percent compared to last year, as per China’s General Administration of Customs (GAC) report.

The trade obligation at the half-year of 2022 is marked at USD 47.94 billion. In 2021, the India-China bilateral trade hit the highest record of USD 125 billion crossing the USD 100 billion mark in a year when the relations get poor due to stand off between the militaries in Eastern Ladakh.

China’s exports to India last year went up by 46.2% to USD 97.52 billion while India’s exports to China grew by 34.2% to USD 28.14 billion. The trade depletion for India grew by USD 69.38 billion in the year 2021.

According to the reports and journals  statistics of Chinese competent authorities, bilateral trade distribution between China and India stood at USD 125.66 billion in 2021,”

According to Zhao, “China remains the largest trade partner of India and for the first time the bilateral trade exceeded USD 100 billion in 2021.”

Zhao also said that “The disparity in trade figures published by China and India is a result of different statistical measurement scales.”

According to China’s General Administration of Customs (GAC) statistics, China’s foreign trade of goods bounced 9.4 percent year on year19.8 trillion yuan (about USD 2.94 trillion) during the first half of 2022.

India-China Trade History At a Glance

Ever since 2008 China continues to be India’s no. 1 trading partner. The bilateral trade between the two countries has recorded exponential growth. In 2011, bilateral trade reached US$ 73.9 billion, before dipping to US$ 66 billion in 2012 and rebounding to US$ 71.65 billion in 2015. However, with tensions on the border increasing in the recent past the relationship between the two countries has become fraught. After the ongoing violent stand-off between China and India in Ladakh’s Galway Valley, the relationship between the two countries is likely to come under pressure. Let us look at trade between the two countries in recent years.

India China Bilateral Trade

The India-China Bilateral trades in $ Bn statistics as of the year 2019 are tabulated here.

India China Bilateral Trade
( Figures in $ Bn)
Year India’s Export to China %Change India’s Imports from China %Change Trade Imbalance Total Trade %Change
2014 16.41 -3.72 54.24 11.95 37.83 70.65 7.88
2015 13.39 -18.39 58.26 7.42 44.87 71.65 1.42
2016 11.75 -12.29 59.43 2.01 47.68 71.18 -0.67
2017 16.34 39.11 68.1 14.59 51.76 84.44 18.63
2018 18.83 15.21 76.87 12.89 58.04 95.7 13.34
16.32 -4.6 68 -3.5 51.68 84.32 -3.72

Bilateral Investment

Bilateral investment growth between the two countries has not been growing at the same pace as trading volumes between the two countries. Both countries have emerged as top investment destinations for the rest of the world, mutual investment flows are yet to catch up. The Chinese investments in India between January-September 2019 were around US$0.19 billion and Cumulative Chinese investment in India till the end of September 2019 amounted to US$5.08 billion. Cumulative Indian investment in China until September 2019 is US$ 0.92 billion.

List Of Products India Imports and Exports From China

Banking Sector Cooperation

Indian Banks in China: Numerous Indian banks have established their presence in the Chinese Mainland over the last few years. The State Bank of India is the only Indian bank that has the authorization to conduct local currency (RMB) business at its branch in Shanghai, whereas the branches of other banks conduct their business in foreign currency.

Chinese Banks in India: The Chinese banks also getting their establishment in India. Now many Chinese banks established their branches in India. In the year 2011, the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China(ICBC) secured a license to start banking operations in India. Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) inaugurated its Mumbai branch on September 15, 2011. This was the first branch of a mainland Chinese bank in India. In July 2018 Bank of China (BoC) also received a banking license from RBI. ICBC has also applied for its second branch in New Delhi. It is under consideration with the Department of Financial Services.

Tourism & Films

China has the world’s largest outbound tourism industry. In 2018, over 140 million outbound tourists traveled all over the world. Tourism to India is still below potential. In 2018, around 225,000 Chinese tourists visited India. The renewal of the bilateral MoU on Cooperation in the Tourism Sector was completed in May 2015. In 2018, the Minister of State for Tourism visited China in August 2018 and held roadshows in Beijing, Wuhan, Guangzhou, and Shanghai.

In 2015 2 Indian movies (PK and Dhoom3) were released in China. “Xuan Zang” was the first co-production film between India and China. This film released in 2016 was submitted as a contender to represent mainland China for Best Foreign Language Film at the 89th Academy Awards in 2017. In recent years, numerous Indian movies have registered great success at the Chinese box office.

Indian Companies in China

With the growth in bilateral trade between India and China in the last few years, numerous Indian companies have started setting up operations in China. Some of the prominent Indian companies that function in China are Aurobindo Pharma, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories,  Matrix Pharma, Bharat Forge, Infosys, TCS, APTECH, Wipro, Mahindra Satyam, Dr. Reddy’s, Essel Packaging, Suzlon Energy, Reliance Industries, SUNDARAM Fasteners, Mahindra & Mahindra, TATA Motors, etc.

Chinese Companies in India

A huge number of Chinese companies have established their offices and are operating in India. A large number of Chinese state-owned companies in the field of machinery and infrastructure construction have won projects in India and have opened project offices in India. These companies include Sinosteel, Shougang International, Baoshan Iron & Steel Ltd, Sany Heavy Industry Ltd, Chongqing Lifan Industry Ltd, etc. Several Chinese electronic, IT, and hardware manufacturing companies are also operating in India. Huawei Technologies, ZTE, TCL, Haier, etc. all are operating in India. Today, Chinese mobile handset companies occupy almost 50% of the Indian mobile handset market.

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