1. VEST (verb): किसी को (शक्ति, प्राधिकरण, संपत्ति, आदि) प्रदान करना
Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
Synonyms: entrust to, invest in, bestow on, confer on, grant to, give to.
Antonyms: hold, keep, retain, hold back, reserve, withhold, take over.
Usage: Citizens of the United States have the vested right to freedom of speech.
2. MALADY (noun) : रोग
Meaning: a disease or ailment.
Synonyms: illness, sickness, ailment, disorder, complaint, disease, infection, indisposition, affliction, infirmity.
Antonyms: wellness, soundness, cure, wholesomeness, vigor, remedy, medicament.
Usage: Cancer has become the most threatening malady next to cardiovascular diseases.
3. HEFT (verb) : वज़न
Meaning: lift or carry (something heavy).
Synonyms: lift, lift up, raise, raise up, heave, hoist, haul, manhandle.
Antonyms: hold, keep, lower, maintain, shun, drop, fix, dodge.
Usage: Reluctantly, she hefted herself up and picked up the phone.
4. OVERTURE (noun) : सन्धि प्रस्ताव
Meaning: an introduction to something more substantial.
Synonyms: prelude, introduction, opening, introductory movement, voluntary.
Antonyms: conclusion, finish, epilogue, addendum, aftermath, consequence, ending, coda.
Usage: He spent more time with the orchestra, with the overture in the beginning of the show than the whole block of the show.
5. DITHER (verb) : तड़पना
Meaning: Be indecisive.
Synonyms: hesitate, falter, waver, teeter, vacillate, oscillate, fluctuate, change one’s mind, be in two minds, be ambivalent.
Antonyms: aplomb, calm, composure, equanimity, imperturbability, self-possession, tranquility.
Usage: We’re still dithering over the Future Fund and talking of parking spare shares there.
6. ARCANE (adjective) : रहस्यमय
Meaning: understood by few; mysterious or secret.
Synonyms: abstruse, deep, esoteric, profound, recondite, inscrutable, mystic, uncanny, incomprehensible, cryptic, unanswerable, baffling, bewildering, confounding.
Antonyms: superficial, shallow, facile, straightforward, comprehensible, understandable
apparent, evident, lucid, manifest, perspicuous.
Usage: People always inquired why the identity of my grandfather was kept arcane.
7. DURESS (noun) : अवरोध
Meaning: threats, violence, constraints, or other action used to coerce someone into doing something against their will or better judgement.
Synonyms: coercion, compulsion, force, pressure, pressurization, intimidation, threats, constraint, enforcement, exaction.
Antonyms: agreement, approval, consent, permission, convincing, persuasion, reason, suasion.
Usage: I think Clark was under duress when she signed the agreement; he never would have voluntarily accepted those conditions.
8. SMUG (adjective) : आत्मसंतुष्ट
Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
Synonyms: bighead, complacence, conceitedness, ego, egotism, pompousness, self-admiration, self-conceit, self-esteem, self-satisfaction, swelled head, vainglory.
Antonyms: diffidence, self-doubt, self-disgust, self-hate, self-loathing, altruism, bashfulness, demureness, shyness, timidity.
Usage: Because Ricky had a smug attitude during his meeting with the principal, he projected the image he was proud of his misdeeds.
9. STAID (adjective) : सम्मानित और नई कोशिशों से कतराने वाला
Meaning: sedate, respectable, and unadventurous.
Synonyms: earnest, grave, humorless, no-nonsense, sedate, serious, severe, sober, solemn.
Antonyms: facetious, flip, flippant, humorous, jesting, jocular, joking, playful.
Usage: When people describe my boss, they describe him as a staid man who never smiles.
10. DAFT (adjective) : मंदबुद्धि
Meaning: silly; foolish.
Synonyms: balmy, bedlam, brainsick, crackbrained, cracked, crackpot, daffy, demented, deranged, lunatic, mad, mental, nuts, psychotic, screwy.
Antonyms: balanced, compos mentis, sane, sound, uncrazy, rational, reasonable, judicious, sensible, wise
Usage: We were shocked that Danny was so daft to believe John’s tale.
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