Important Political Definition and Terms

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Definition
Terms
The draft of a legislative proposal
Bill
Bill passed by both the Houses of Parliament and assented to
by the President
Act
A member of the House of the People (Lok Sabha)
Member
A member other than a Minister
Private Member

Annual Financial statement of the estimated receipts and
expenditure of the Government of India for a financial year
Budget
The estimate of expenditure in respect of a
Ministry/Department not charged upon the Consolidated Fund of India, placed
for approval before the House on the recommendations of the President
Demand for Grant
A Bill ordinarily introduced each year to give effect to the
financial proposals of the Government for the following financial year
Finance Bill
A bill containing only provisions dealing with all or any of
the matters specified in sub-clauses (a) to (g) of Clause (1) of Articel 110
of the Constitution. (Such a bill cannot be introduced without the
recommendation of the President and it also cannot be introduced in the Rajya
Sabha
Money Bill
A Bill passed annually (or at various times of the year)
providing for the withdrawal or appropriation from and out of the
Consolidated Fund of India of moneys by Lok Sabha and moneys charged on the
Consolidated Fund for the services of a financial year or a part thereof.
Appropriation Bill
A grant made by Lok Sabha in advance in respect of the
estimated expenditure of the Government of India for a part of a financial
year pending the voting of Demands for Grants for the financial year. A
Motion for Vote on Account is dealt with in the same way as if it were a
demand for grant.
Vote on Account
The termination of a session of the House by an order made by
the President under article 85(2) (a) of the Constitution.
Prorogation
The first hour of a sitting of the House normally allotted for
asking and answering of questions
Question Hour
The minimum number of members required to be present at a
sitting of the House or the Committee for valid transaction of its business.
The quorum to constitute a sitting of the House is one-tenth of the total
number of members of the House and in respect of a Committee it is one-third
of the total number of members of the Committee
Quorum
A self-contained independent proposal submitted for the
approval of the House and drafted in such a way as to be capable of
expressing a decision of the House.
Resolution
The vote cast by the Speaker or the Chairman in the case of an
equality of votes on a matter
Casting vote
Deletion of words, phrases of expression for the proceedings
or records of the House (for being defamatory or indecent or unparliamentary
or undignified)
Expunction


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