In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Swedish National Bank) celebrated its 300th anniversary by donating a large sum of money to the Nobel Foundation to be used to set up a prize in honour of Nobel. The following year, the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded for the first time Prize Awarded annually on December 10 for outstanding work in the fields of (i) Physics, (ii) Chemistry, (iii) Physiology and Medicine, (iv) Literature, (v) Peace and (vi) Economics.
Important International Awards
A quick look at the various important international awards are as follows:
Nobel Prize (1901): The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in a number of categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, and/or scientific advances.
The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901. The prize ceremonies take place annually in Stockholm, Sweden (with the exception of the peace prize, which is held in Oslo, Norway)
Pulitzer Prize (1917): Named after the US publisher Joseph Pulitzer. Conferred annually in the USA for outstanding work in Journalism, Literature and musical composition.This award is Presented by Columbia University
Nelson Harding is the only person to have won a Prize in two consecutive years, the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning in 1927 and 1928.
Magsaysay Award (1957): Named after Ramon Magsaysay, President of the Philippines. Conferred annually on 31 August for outstanding contributions in Public Service, Community Leadership, Journalism, Literature and Creative Arts, and International Understanding.
Jawaharlal Nehru Award (1965): Conferred by the Government of India for outstanding contributions in the promotion of international understanding, goodwill and friendship.
This award is administered by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations
Right Livelihood Award (1980): Instituted by Jakob Von Vexkull, a Swedish-German writer, it is also called the ‘Alternative Nobel Prize’. Conferred annually for practical and exemplary solutions to real problems of today.
Man Booker Prize (1968): It is the prestigious literary award, conferred annually by the Booker Company, the British Publishers Association and Man Group.
This literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel, written in the English language and published in the UK.
Oscar (1929): Conferred annually by the Academy of Motion Picture, Arts and Sciences.
Kalinga Award (1952): Set up at the initiative of Mr Biju Patnaik, the founder of Kalinga Foundation Trust in Odisha. It is conferred for the popularisation of science by UNESCO.
The Kalinga Prize is awarded during the Celebration of the World Science Day in odd years (2003, 2005, etc.) in New Delhi, India
World Food Prize: The award was conceived by Dr Norman Borlaug and financed by the Kraft General Foods. It is conferred annually by the Washington-based selection committee.
In 1987, M. S. Swaminathan Got this award for introducing high-yielding wheat and rice varieties to India starting India’s Green Revolution