The Environmental Impact Assessment is an important process to evaluate the environmental impact of a proposed project. In this process impact of a project is scientifically evaluated such as mine, irrigation dam, industrial units, or waste treatment plant. This draft notification was issued under the powers vested in the Central government under the environmental(Protection) Act, 1986 To take all such measures that can protect and improve the quality of the environment. In this article, we will be discussing the importance of EIA.
Importance of Environmental Impact Assessment in India
EIA is a relatively new planning and decision-making tool that was first enshrined in the United States in the national environmental policy act of 1969.
The EIA provides a cost-effective method to eliminate or minimize the adverse impact of developmental projects. It also encourages the adoption of strategies like mitigation, in the developmental plan. The EIA also ensures that the developmental plan in any case won’t harm the environment and the plan is within the limits of the capacity of regeneration of the ecosystem. This process links the environment with development for sustainable and environmentally safe development. EIA has enabled the decision-makers to calculate the effect of developmental activities on the environment well before the implication of Developmental projects. The environmental impact assessment is also a technique to deter mind the current status of the environment and also fetch the details about the impact of ongoing projects in the industries. Overall this assessment will ensure that any potential threat to the environment is rest at an early stage and measures can be taken to prevent such threats that can harm the environment.