“Learn one root and you have the key that will unlock the meanings of up to ten or twenty words in which the root appears.”
Dear Students, Vocabulary represents one of the most important skills necessary for teaching and learning a foreign language. It is the basis for the development of all the other skills: reading comprehension, listening comprehension, speaking, writing, spelling and pronunciation. And to learn vocabulary is pretty much difficult task in itself. Today, In this article, we will discuss the most effective ways to memorise vocabulary words. You need to learn the etymology of the words. In Every Govt. job Competitive Exams in India, English Section is very important and critical. Without scoring good marks in English Section, you can not qualify any exam.
This Root List can boost your knowledge of words, and that can help you get more questions right. No one can predict exactly which words will show up on your test, but there are certain words that the test-makers favor. The Root List gives you the component parts of many typical words that are asked in SSC and Bank Exams. Knowing these words can help you because you may run across them on your Exams. Also, becoming comfortable with the types of words that pop up will reduce your anxiety about the test.
Knowing roots can help you in two more ways. First, instead of learning one word at a time, you can learn a whole group of words that contain a certain root. They’ll be related in meaning, so if you remember one, it will be easier for you to remember others. Second, roots can often help you decode an unknown vocab word. If you recognize a familiar root, you could get a good enough grasp of the word to answer the question.
Etymology (et’-a-MOL’-a-jee) deals with the origin or derivation of words. When you know the meaning of a root (for example, Latin ego, I or self), you can better understand, and more easily remember, all the words built on this root. Learn one root and you have the key that will unlock the meanings of up to ten or twenty words in which the root appears. Learn ego and you can immediately get a handle on egocentric, egomaniac, egoist, egotist, and alter ego. Learn anthropos (Greek, mankind), and you will. quickly understand, and never forget, anthropology, misanthropy, anthropoid, anthropocentric, anthropomorphic, philanthropy, and anthropophobia. Meet any word with anthropo- in it, and you will have at least some idea of its meaning.
In the etymological approach to vocabulary building:
• You will learn about prefixes, roots, and suffixes, so You will be able to figure out unfamiliar words by recognizing their structure, the building blocks. from which they are constructed-
• You will be able to construct words correctly by learning to put these building blocks together in the proper way-and
•You will be able to derive verbs from nouns, nouns and verbs from adjectives, adjectives from nouns, etc.-and do all this correctly.
Learn how to deal with etymology and you will feel comfortable with words-you will use new words with self-assurance-you will be able to figure out thousands of words you hear or read even if you have never heard or seen these words before. That’s why the best approach to new words is through etymology:-as you will discover for yourself as soon as you start reading the below given root words. Use these tricks, as well as other exercises that we will provide based on these notes, as aids to learning. “No one is perfect, no one learns in the exact same way or at the same rate as anyone else. Find the optimum technique and speed for your unique learning patterns-and then give yourself every opportunity to exploit your actual, latent, and potential abilities.”
anterior: placed before
antecedent: existing being, or going before
antedate: precede in time
Antebellum: before the war (especially the American Civil War)
antediluvian: belonging to the period before the biblical flood; very old or old-fashioned
7.ANTHRO/ANDR: MAN, HUMAN
anthropology: the science that deals with the origins of mankind
android: robot; mechanical man
misanthrope: one who hates humans or mankind
philanderer: one who carries on flirtations
androgynous: being both male and female
androgen: any substance that promotes masculine characteristics
anthropocentric: regarding man as the central fact of the universe
antibody: a protein naturally existing in blood serum, that reacts to overcome the toxic effects of an antigen
antidote: a remedy for counteracting the effects of poison, disease, etcetera
antiseptic: free from germs; particularly clean or neat
antipodal: on the opposite side of the globe
automatic: self-moving or self-acting
autocrat: an absolute ruler
autonomy: independence or freedom
Antebellum: before the war
rebel: a person who resists authority, control, or tradition belligerent: warlike, given to waging war
benefit: anything advantageous to a person or thing
benign: having a kindly disposition
benediction: an act of uttering a blessing
benevolent: desiring to do good to others
bonus: something given over and above what is due
bona fide: in good faith; without fraud
12.BI: TWICE, DOUBLE
binoculars: involving two eyes
biennial: happening every two years
bilateral: pertaining to or affecting two or both sides
bilingual: able to speak one’s native language and another with equal facility
bipartisan: representing two parties
13.CED/CEED/CESS: TO GO; TO YIELD; TO STOP
antecedent: existing, being, or going before
concede: to acknowledge as true, just, or proper; admit
predecessor: one who comes before another in an office, position, etcetera
cessation: a temporary or complete discontinuance
incessant: without stop
synchronize: to occur at the same time or agree in time
chronology: the sequential order in which past events occurred
anachronism: an obsolete or archaic form
chronic: constant, habitual
chronometer: a time piece with a mechanism to adjust for accuracy
15.CIRCU: AROUND, ON ALL SIDES
circumference: the outer boundary of a circular area
circumstances: the existing conditions or state of affairs surrounding and affecting an agent
circuit: the act of going or moving around
circumambulate: to walk about or around
circuitous: roundabout, indirect
Note: We will provide All type of Important root words in the upcoming posts as well, so stay tuned for more rules and tricks.
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