Introduction of DFCCIL
- DFCCIL Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited.
- It is a wholly-owned company of the Ministry of Railways registered under the Company Act 1956 and was incorporated on 30th October 2006.
- Ministry of Railway has embarked upon a long term strategic plan to construct high capacity, high speed, Dedicated Freight Corridors along the golden quadrilateral and its diagonals.
- In the first phase of this plan DFCCIL Recruitment 2021, entrusted with the responsibility of construction, maintenance and operation of two corridors – Eastern Corridor from Ludhiana to Dankuni with Dadri-Khurja link and Western Corridor from Dadri to Jawaharlal Nehru Port – along with all attached infrastructure, to enable Indian Railways & other qualified operators to run their freight trains.
- DFCCIL’s role will primarily be that of the infrastructure provider with responsibility for construction, operation and maintenance.
All about the Formation of DFCCIL
- Indian Railways’ quadrilateral linking the four metropolitan cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Howrah, commonly known as the Golden Quadrilateral; and its two diagonals (Delhi-Chennai and Mumbai-Howrah), adding up to a total route length of 10,122 km comprising of 16% of the route carried more than 52% of the passenger traffic and 58% of revenue earning freight traffic of IR.
- The existing trunk routes of Howrah-Delhi on the Eastern Corridor and Mumbai-Delhi on the Western Corridor were highly saturated, line capacity utilization varying between 115% to 150%.
- Railways lost the share in freight traffic from 83% in 1950-51 to 35% in 2011-12.
- The growth of the Indian economy has created a demand for additional capacity of rail freight transportation, and this is likely to grow further in the future.
- This burgeoning demand led to the conception of the dedicated freight corridors along the Eastern and Western Routes.
- Minister for Railways, made this historic announcement on the floor of the House in the Parliament while presenting the Railway Budget for 2005-06.
- In April 2005, the Project was discussed at the Japan-India Summit Meeting. It was included in the declaration of co-operation signed between the Hon’ble Prime Ministers of India and Japan for a feasibility study and possible funding of the dedicated rail freight corridors by the Japanese Government. The feasibility study report was submitted to the Ministry of Railways in October 2007.
The Formation of DFCCIL
- In the meanwhile, Ministry of Railways initiated action to establish a Special Purpose Vehicle for construction, operation and maintenance of the dedicated freight corridors.
- This led to the establishment of “Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCC)”, to undertake planning & development, mobilization of financial resources and construction, maintenance and operation of the dedicated freight corridors.
- DFCC was incorporated as a company under the Companies Act 1956 on 30th October 2006.
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Mission of DFCCIL
- To build a corridor with appropriate technology that enables Indian railways to regain its market share of freight transport by creating additional capacity and guaranteeing efficient, reliable, safe and cheaper options for mobility to its customers.
- To set up Multimodal logistic parks along the DFC to provide complete transport solution to customers.
- To support the government’s initiatives toward ecological sustainability by encouraging users to adopt railways as the most environment-friendly mode for their transport requirements.
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