HISTORY NOTES: VICEROY of India (PART-II) for RRB NTPC and SSC CHSL EXAM

 Lord minto – II (1905 – 10)


  • Founded Muslim league (1906) at Dhaka by Aga Khan.
  • Congress declared his aim – ‘Swaraj’ in Calcutta session 1906.
  • Split  congress in Surat session 1907.
  • S.P. Sinha appointed in executive council of governor general . (1909 act)
  • Madan Lal Dhingra executed colonel viely in London in 1909.
  • Lord minto – Father of separate electorate system.



 Lord Harding – II (1910 – 16)


  • Creation of Bengal Presidency like – Bombay & madras in 1911.
  • Transfer of capital From Calcutta to Delhi in 1911.
  • Establishment of Hindu mahasabha (1915) by madan mohan malviya.
  • Coronation Darbar of king George V held in Delhi – 1911.
  • 1911 – Fifth census held in India.
  • 1913 – Rabindra nath tagore got nobel prize.
  • 1914 – 18 – Ist World War.
  • 1915 – Gandhi ji Arrived India.
  • 1915 – Firojshah Mehta & gopal Krishna gokhle passed away.
  • 1916 – BHU established by madan mohan malviya.



 Lord Chelmsford (1916 – 21)


  • Tilak & Annie besant form home rule league – 1916.
  • Lucknow session of congress 1916.
  • Lucknow pact between congress and  muslim league – 1916.
  • Foundation of Sabarmati Ashram (1916) after gandhiji return, Launch of satyagrah of champaran.
  • Montengue August declaration (1917).
  • Govt. of India Act (1919).
  • Rowlatt act 1919.
  • Jalianwala Bagh massacre 1919.
  • Launch of non-cooperation & Khilafat movement.
  • Foundation of First women university at Poona by D.K. Kerve in 1916.
  • Saddler commission – 1917
  • Death of tilak (August, 1920)
  • Appointment of S.P. Sinha as governor of Bihar (The first Indian to become of governor)



 Lord Reading (1921 – 26)


  • Chauri chora incident (Feb 5, 1922) & the subsequent withdrawal of non co-operation movement.
  • Mopla rebellion in kerla (1921)
  • Repeal of the press act of 1910 & the rowlatt act 1919.
  • Criminal law amendment & Abolition of cotton excise.
  • Kakori train Robbery (1925).
  • Murder of Swami shradhanand (1926)
  • Establishment of Swaraj party by M. L. Nehru & C. R. Das 
  • Decision to held simultaneous examinations for the Ics both in delhi & London, with effect from 1923.
  • Establishment of communist party of India by M. N. Roy at Taskand 



 Lord Irwin (1926 – 31)


  • Constituted Simon commission in 1927 & Simon commission visited India in 1928 & the boycott of commission by the Indians.
  • An all parties conference held at Lucknow (1928) for suggestions for the (future) constitution of India. The report of which was called ‘Nehru report’
  • Murder of saunders, ASP of Lahore; Bomb blast in Assembly hall in delhi (1929) by Bhagat singh & Batukeswar dutt.
  • The Lahore conspiracy case & death of Jatin das after resolution of congress in Lahore session 1929.
  • Appointment of the Harcourt butter Indian states commission (1927).
  • Dandi march (March 12, 1930) by Gandhiji to launch the civil disobedience movement.
  • Deepawali declaration by Lord Erwin (1929)
  • Boycott of the first round table conference (1930), Gandhi – Irwin act (1931), Suspension of civil disobedience movement.
  • Establishment of Indian council of agriculture research – 1929.



 Lord Willingdon (1931 – 36)


  • Second round table conference (Dec 1931) & failure of the conference resumption of civil disobedience movement. 
  • Announcement of communal Award (1932) under which separate communal electorates were set up.
  • Fast unto death by Gandhi is yervada prison, broken after the Poona past (1932).
  • Third Round table conference (1932)
  • Lanch of Individual civil disobedience (1933)
  • The govt. of India act 1935.
  • Establishment of All India kisan sabha (1936) & congress socialist party by Acharya Narendra Dev & Jayprakash Narayan .
  • Burma separated from India 1935.
  • Establishment of IMA. Dehradun – 1932.



 Lord Linlithgow (1936 – 44)


  • First general election (1936 – 37), congress attained absolute majority in 6 province.
  • Resignation of the congress ministers after the outbreak of the second World War (1939).
  • Subhash Chandra bose elected as the president of congress at the fifthy  first session 
  • Resignation of Bose in 1939 & formation of Forward block (1939)
  • Lahore resolution (march 1940) by the Muslim league, demand for separate state for muslims.
  • August offer (1940) by the viceroy; Its criticism by the congress & endorsement by muslim league.
  • Winston Churchill elected prime minister of England (1940)
  • Escape of S. C. Bose from India (1941) & Organization of the Indian National Army.
  • Crips mission (1942). To after dominion status to India & setting up of a constituent Assembly for India.
  • Passing of the quit India Resolution by the Congress (1942).
  • Divide & Quit slogan at the Karachi session (1944) of muslim league.



 Lord Wavell (1944 – 47)


  • C. R. Formula (1944), Failure of Gandhi – Jinnah talk (1944)
  • Shimla conference (1945) failed
  • Proposal of cabinet mission – 1946
  • Election of constituent Assembly, formation of Interim government by the congress (1946)
  • Observation of ‘Direct Action Day’ (Aug 16, 1946) by the Muslim league.
  • 1946 – Navy – revolt in Mumbai.



Lord Mountbatten (1947 – 48)


  • June third plan Announced. (1947)
  • Introduced Indian independence bill in house of common
  • Appointment of two boundary commission under ‘redcliff’ for the partition of India & Pakistan.
  • Independent ⇒ @Pak-14 Aug.  @India-15 Aug.)




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