HISTORY NOTES: VICEROY of India (PART-I) for RRB NTPC and SSC CHSL EXAM

                 
                                            
Lord Canning (1858 – 62)
  • Rule of company replaced by rule of crown in 1858.
  • White mutiny by Indian troops in (1859).
  • Indian council act 1861.
  • Queen victoria proclamation was read by Lord canning at Allahabad.
  • IPC – 1860


Lord Elgin – I (1862-63)

  • Death – 1863, Punjab




Sir John Lawrence (1864 – 69)

  • Bhutan war 1865
  • Introduced First marine telegraph service between India & Europe (1865)
  • Constituted a Famine Commission in chairmanship of Campbell.

Lord Mayo (1869 – 72)

  • Opening of the Rajkot college at Kathiawar & the Mayo College at Ajmer for political training of Indian Princes.
  • Establishment of statistical survey of India.
  • Establishment of department of agriculture & commerce. (1872)
  • Introduced census in India (1872)
  • Kuka movement (1872)
  • He was executed at portblair.

Lord Northbrook (1872 – 76)

  • Visit of Prince of wales in 1875.
  • Trial of Gayakwar of Baroda (1875)
  • Famine in Bihar 1874
  • Donate 10,000 Rs. to Mohammadan  Anglo-Oriental College Aligarh (1875).

Lord Litten (1876 – 80)

  • Known as oven Meredith.
  • Famine of 1876-78, affecting Madras, Bombay, Mysore, Hyderabad, parts of central India & Punjab.
  • Appointment of Famine commission under the presidency of Richard strachey (1878).
  • Royal titles Act – 1876 – Queen Victoria assuming the little of ‘Kaiser-i-hind’.
  • The vernacular press act (1878)
  • 2nd Afgan war (1878-80) 
  • 1st Delhi Darbar (1877)
  • Indian Arms Act 1878.
  • Reduce Age of civil services 21 to 19 year.

Lord Ripon (1880 – 84)

  • Repeal of vernacular press act 1882.
  • The First Factory Act – 1881. To improve Labour conditions.
  • Continuation of financial Decentralization (Ripon resolution)
  • Government Resolution on local self government (RIPON RESOLUTION) – 1882.
  • Appointment of Education commission under chairmanship of William Hunter. 1882 Hunter Commission.
  • Ilbert bill controversy (1883 – 84) 
  • First continuous Census – 1881
  • Rendition of Mysore.
  • saviour of India

Lord Dufferin (1884 – 88)

  • Passed Bengal tenancy Act 1885 & Punjab tenancy Act 1887.
  • Third Burmese war (1885 – 86)
  • 1885 – Indian National congress established.
  • 1887 – Allahabad university established.

Lord Lancedown (1888-94)

  • Factory Act – 1891 
  • Catagorized civil services into imperial provincial & council Act 1892.
  • Indian council Act 1892.
  • Setting up of Durand line between India & Afganistan. (Now between Pakistan & Afganistan)
  • Prince of wales came India second time.
Lord Elgin – II (1894 – 99)
  • Two British officials assassinated by chapekar brothers (1897).
  • Swami vivekanand established math at Vellur & Remkrishna mission.

Lord Curzon (1899 – 1905)

  • Appointment of police commission (1902) under sir Andrew Frazer to review police Administration.
  • Appointment of universities commission (1902) & passing of Indian universities Act 1904.
  • Establishment of department of commerce & Industries.
  • Calcutta corporation act (1899) 
  • Ancient monuments preservation Act (1904)
  • Partition of Bengal (1905)
  • Curzon kitchner controversy.
  • Young husbands mission to tibbet (1904)
  • Irrigation commission; chairmanship of Mancreef.
  • Established C.I.D in police.
  • Cooperative committee act 1904.