HISTORY NOTES: INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS for RRB NTPC and SSC CHSL EXAM


INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
Mean of congress
  •          Group of people
  •         Term “congress” borrowed from USA
  •         Term ‘congress’ given by Dada Bhai Naoroji

Establishment

  •          28 Dec 1885
  •          Place: Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit Mahavidayala
  •          Gwalia tank, Bombay
  •          Founder: A.O.Hume
  •          1st chairman: W. C. Banerji
  •          72 members – In 1st meeting
  •          Lord Dufferin (G.G)

Logic behind establishment of congress 

  •   Lala Lajpat Rai:- Britishers have established INC to protect British India from disintegration
  •  William Wedderburn: Safety value theory
  •   Rajni Palme Dutt: Congress was established by Britisher with widening strategy.  

                                                  IMPORTANT SESSION OF INC

First session/Summit – 1885
·         Bombay
·         W. C. Bannerji
 2nd Summit, 1886
  •          Calcutta
  •          D. B. Naoroji

 3rd Summit, 1887

  •          Madras
  •          Badruddin Taiyab [1st Muslim chairman]

 4th Summit, 1888

  •          Allahabad
  •          George Yule (1st English chairman)

 5th Summit, 1889

  •       Bombay
  •       William Wedderburn
  •       First-time women participated in this summit.
Note: William Wedderburn was the chairman of congress session – Two times
(1889 Bombay, 1910 Allahabad)

 6th Summit, 1890
  •          Calcutta
  •       Firojshah Mehta
  •        Kadimbini Ganguly – First time, any women give a speech on the stage.

 12th Session, 1896

  •         Calcutta
  •       Rahimtulla Sayani
Note: Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, first-time sings ‘Bande matram’ in this session.



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