HISTORY NOTES: INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS(Part-II) for RRB NTPC and SSC CHSL EXAM

INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
Mean of congress
  •       Group of people
  •      Term “congress” borrowed from USA
  •      Term ‘congress’ given by Dada Bhai Naoroji

 Establishment
  •      28 Dec 1885
  •      Place: Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit Mahavidayala
  •      Gwalia tank, Bombay
  •      Founder: A.O.Hume
  •      1st chairman: W. C. Banerji
  •      72 members – In 1st meeting
  •      Lord Dufferin (G.G)

 IMPORTANT SESSION OF INC 

22nd Session, 1906
  •         Calcutta
  •          Dada Bhai Naroji
  •        Congress declared his Aim “Swaraj”

 23rd Summit, 1907
  •          Surat
  •          Ras Bihari Ghosh
  •          Congress split into two parts. (i) Moderate (ii) Extremist

 26th Summit, 1911
  •          Calcutta
  •          Visan Narayan
  •         On congress stage, first time Jan Gan Man was sung.

 31st Summit, 1916
  •          Lucknow
  •          Ambika charan Muzumdar
  •          Lucknow part (i) Muslim League (ii) Congress
  •         Narampanth + Garampanth

 32nd Session, 1917
  •         Calcutta
  •         Annie Besant (1st Lady)

 35th Session, 1920
  •          Nagpur
  •          Veer Raghavachan
  •          Resolution of non-cooperation movement passed in this session

 (i) 38th Session
  •          Kakinada (A. P.), Maulana Mohamad Ali;

(ii) Special Session
  •          Delhi, Abul Kalam Azad → He was the youngest leader of (35 yrs.)

 39th session, 1924
  •          Belgaum (Karnataka)
  •          M. K. Gandhi (1st and last time chairman of congress)

 40th Session, 1925
  •          Kanpur
  •          Sarojini Naidu (1st Indian lady)

 44th Session, 1929
  •          Lahore
  •          J. L. Nehru
  •          ‘Absolute freedom’ – Congress declared their aim of ‘Absolute freedom’.

 45th Session, 1931
  •        Karachi
  •         Sardar Patel
  •         First time, demand of fundamental rights were made 

 50th Session, 1937
  •          Faizpur (W.B.)
  •          J. L. Nehru
  •          First time any session held in a village

 51st Session, 1938
  •          Haripura (GJ)
  •          Subhash chandra Bose

 52nd Session, 1939
  •          Tripuri (M.P.)
  •          S. C. Bose (He defeated pattabhi sitaramaiya who was supported by Gandhiji)
  •          National planning committee was constituted under the chairmanship of J. L. Nehru.

 53rd Session, 1940
  •          Ramgarh
  •          Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
  •         1940 – 45 (He was the chairman)
  •        Longest tenure of Inc chairman – Sonia Gandhi]

 54th session, 1940
  •          Meerut
  •          J. B. Kriplani (He was the chairman at the time of Independence of India)

 60th Session, 1955
  •         Awari (Madras)
  •        Congress declare their aim “Democratic Socialism”.


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