HISTORY NOTES: The History of Indian Press for RRB NTPC and SSC CHSL EXAM


The History of Indian Press

  1. Portuguese Introduced ‘Press’ in India.
  2. the first book was published in India in 1557. (Goa)
  3. In 1684, East India company established a Printing Press in Mumbai.
  4. James Augustus Hickey in 1780 started the “Bengal Gazette or Calcutta general advertiser, the first newspaper in India. Which was seized in 1782 because of its outspoken criticism of the government.
  5. Raja Ram Mohan Roy published “Sambad Kaumudi” (Bengali) in 1821. ‘Mirat ul-Akhbar’ (Persian) in 1822.
  6. Raja Ram Mohan Roy is called the founder of the modern press.
  7. In 1853, Harish Chandra Mukherjee & Girish Chandra Ghosh published ‘Hindu Patriots’ from Calcutta.



Important Journals / News Papers

  1. India Gazette (1787) – Henry Vivian Derozio
  2. Madras Courier (1784) – First Paper from Madras
  3. Bombay Herald (1789) – First Paper from Bombay
  4. Indian Herald (1795) – R. William & Humphreys
  5. Calcutta Journal (1818) – J. S. Buckingham
  6. Jam-I-Jahan Numa (1822) – First Urdu newspaper
  7. East Indian (19th century) – Henry Vivian Derozio.
  8. Bombay times (1838) – Called ‘Times of India’ after 1865.
  9. Foundation laid by Robert knight started by Thomas Bennett.
  10. Rast goftar (1858) – Dada bhai narogi
  11. Kesari & Maratha (English) (1881) – Tilak
  12. Yugantar (1906) – Barindra Kumar ghosh & Bhupendra dutta.
  13. Sandhya (1906) – Brahma Bandhav Upadhyay.
  14. Indian Sociologist, London (Shyamji Krishna Verma)
  15. Bande Matram (Paris) – Madam Bhikaji Kama
  16. Talvar (Berlin) – Virendra nath chattopadhyay
  17. Free Hindustan (Vancouvert) – Taraknath das
  18. Gadar (Sen Fransicco) – Gadar party, Lala Hardayal
  19. Bombay chronicle (1913) – Firozshah mehta
  20. Spmaprakasha (1858) – Dwarkanath Vidyabhusan (First Bengali political paper)
  21. Indian mirror (1862) – Devendra Nath Tagore (First Indian daily paper in English).
  22. Bangalee (1862) – Girish Chandra Nath Ghosh. (taken over by S. N. Mukherjee in 1879)
  23. Madras mail (1868) – First evening paper in India.
  24. Amrita Bazar (1868) – Sisir Kumar Ghosh & Motilal Ghosh (In Bengali & later an English daily)
  25. Bangadarshan (1873) – Bankim Chandra Chatterji
  26. Indian statesman (1875) – Robert knight (Later on ‘statesman’)
  27. The Hindu (1878) – G. S. Aiyar, Viraraghava Chari & Subbarao
  28. Tribune (1881) – Dayal Singh Majeethia
  29. The Hindustan times (1920) – K. M. Pannikar
  30. The Milap (1923) – M. K. Chand (Leader – Madan Mohan Malviya)
  31. Karmyogi – Arvindo Ghosh
  32. Free Hindustan – Taraknath Das – Against the Vernacular act.
  33. New India, common wheal – Annie Besant
  34. Satpatra series – Gopal Hari Deshmukh
  35. Din mitra – mukund rao patil
  36. Kudi Arasu – periyar
  37. Ghulamgiri – Jyotiba phule
  38. Mahatma, Dinbandhu – Bhaskar rao jadhav
  39. Darpan – Bal shastri Jambekar
  40. Bahiskrat bharat (1926) – Santosh Singh
  41. Kranti (1927) – S.S. Mirajkar, K. N. Jogelkar, S. V ghate
  42. Bandi jivan – Sachindra nath Sanyal.
  43. National Herald (1938) – J. L. Nehru
  44. Al-Hilal – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
  45. Comrade – Mohammad Ali
  46. Young India, Harijan – Mahatma Gandhi
  47. Nation – Gopal Krishna Gokhale
  48. Bengali – Surendra nath Banerjee
  49. Somprakash – Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar.
  50. Udant Martand (1826) – Jugal Kishore, Kanpur – First Hindi News paper
  51. Pioneer (1865) – Julian Robbinson 
  52. Navjeevan (1919) – Mahatma Gandhi
  53. Socialist (1922) – S.A. Dange
  54. Bharat Mitra (1941) – Bal mukund gupt, Hindi
  55. Hindu Patriote – Christodas Pal
  56. Somprakash (1859) – Inswarchand Vidyasagar
  57. Kavi vachan sudha (1867) – Bhartendu Harichandra
  58. Hindi pradip (1877) – Balkrishna Bhatt




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