HISTORY NOTES: Governor General (PART-I) for RRB NTPC and SSC CHSL EXAM

Governor of Bengal
 Clive (1757-60, 1765-67)

·         First governor of Bengal become after Battle of Plasi (1757).
·         Signed treaty of Allahabad (1765) with Shah Alam-II & get revenue collection rights of Bengal. Bihar & Orissa.
·         White mutiny
·         Introduced dual governance in Bengal.
·         Clive Suicide in England.


 Holwell: 1760
  • (For a Small Period) He described ‘Blackhole’ moment.

 Vensittart (1760 – 65):
  •  At the time of Buxar war,  he was the governor of Bengal.

 Verelust (1767 – 69): 
  • First Anglo – mysore war.

 Cartier (1769 – 72):
  • Famine in Bengal (1770).

Governor general of Bengal

Warren Hastings (1772 – 85)

·         Become governor of Bengal in 1772 & govt. general of Bengal in 1773 through the regulating Act. 1773.
·         Established revenue board in 1772.
·         Father of Judicial services in India.
·         Abolished dual system of governance.
·         Treaty of Banaras (1773) & Treaty of Faizabad (1775)
·         Founded the Asiatic society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784 in Calcutta.
·         Divide Bengal into districts & appointed collectors.
·         Started Diwani & Faujdari Adalat at the district level and  Sadar Diwani & nizamat adalats (appellate courts) at Calcutta.
·         Redefined Hindu & Muslim Laws. A translate of the code in Sanskrit appeared in 1776 under the title of “code of Gentoo laws”.
·         1st  Anglo – Maratha war (1775 – 80)
·         2nd Anglo – Mysore war (1780 – 84)
·         Burke “Introduced impeachment on warren Hastings” (only gov. general)

 Lord Cornwallis (1786 – 93)

·         First person to codified laws in 1793.
·         Created post of District Judge.
·         Introduced of permanent settlement in Bengal called the father of civil services in India.
·         Third Anglo – Mysore war (1790 – 92)
·         समाधि(tomb) – Gazipur (only Govt. General)

 Sir John Shore (1793 – 1798)

·         Introduced the first charter Act.
·         Follow policy of non – interfere against Mysore.

 Lord Wellesley (1798 – 1805)

·         Started Subsidiary Alliance system to achieve British Paramountcy in India.
·         Madras Presidency was formed during his tenure.
·         Established Fort Willian College at Calcutta. For civil servants training in 1800.
·         4th Anglo – Mysore war (1799)
·         2nd Anglo – Maratha war (1803 – 04)
States who signed subsidiary Alliance:-
·         Hyderabad (1798), Mysore (1799), Tanjore (1799), Aradh (1801), Peshwa (1802), Bhonsle (1803), Scindhia (1804)
·         Singned treaty of Basein (1802) with vajirao – II

·         Called ‘Tiger of Bengal’




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