Meaning: lacking money; excessively unwilling to spend, not having enough money to pay for necessities.
Synonyms: parsimonious, hard up, impecunious, in straitened circumstances, penniless, pinched
Sentence: Warren Buffett, famous multi-billionaire, still drives a cheap sedan, not because he is penurious, but because luxury cars are gaudy and impractical.
Meaning: having great mass and weight and unwieldiness
Synonyms: heavy, lumbering
Sentence: Laden with 20 kilograms of college textbooks, the freshman moved ponderously across the campus.
Meaning: to eliminate completely; remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line.
Synonyms: excise, scratch, strike
Sentence: When I turned 18, all of the shoplifting and jaywalking charges were expunged from my criminal record.
Meaning: a person who takes part in a conversation.
Synonyms: conversational partner
Sentence: The government’s interlocutor(middle man), R.N. Ravi, confirmed to a local daily that the August 3 agreement was indeed a ‘framework agreement’.
Meaning: used in negative statement to describe a situation that has existed up to this point or up to the present time.
Synonyms: as yet, heretofore, so far, thus far, til now, until now, up to now, yet
Sentence: Before John learned to fly an airplane, he had hitherto been afraid of heights.
Meaning: showing the cunning or ingenuity or wickedness typical of a devil.
Synonyms: devilish, diabolical,
Sentence: An idle mind is a Diabolic’s workshop.
Meaning: a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will.
Synonyms: bitterness, gall, rancor, resentment, reprisal.
Sentence: Although my friend betrayed me, I have no rancor towards him.
Meaning: a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country.
Synonyms: exile, expat
Sentence: The poet was exiled because he signed a letter protesting the government’s actions.
Meaning: the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them).
Synonyms: chicane, guile, trickery, wile
Sentence: You can smell the chicanery from a dishonest politician like Lalu And Mulayam.
Meaning: the act of withdrawing or going backward (especially to escape something hazardous or unpleasant)
Sentence: the disorderly retreat of Pakistani troops in Kargil war.