Meaning: not conspicuous or attracting attention
Synonym: self-effacing, retiring, unassuming, modest
Sentence: “the service was unobtrusive and efficient
Meaning: characterized by severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons.
Synonym: austere, self-denying, abstinent, abstemious,
Sentence: “an ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and manual labour”
Meaning: involving or requiring strenuous effort; difficult and tiring.
Synonym: heavy, laborious, burdensome, strenuous,
Antonym: easy, effortless
Sentence: “an arduous journey”
Meaning: an object made by a human being, typically one of cultural or historical interest.
Synonym: antiquity, heirloom
Sentence: “gold and silver artefacts”
Meaning: (typically of speech or discussion) angry and bitter.
Synonym: bitter, rancorous, caustic
Antonym: pleasant , happy
Sentence: “an acrimonious dispute about wages”
Meaning: shorten (a book, film, speech, etc.) without losing the sense.
Synonym: curtail, truncate, lessen, trim, crop
Antonym: lengthened, expanded
Sentence: an abridged text of his speech
Meaning: indulging only very moderately in something, especially food and drink.
Synonym: abstinent, austere, moderate,
Antonym: self-indulgent, intemperate
Sentence: “‘We only had a bottle.’ ‘Very abstemious of you.’”
Meaning: warm and friendly.
Synonym: genial, affable, amiable,
Antonym: unfriendly, mild
Sentence: “the atmosphere was cordial and relaxed”
Meaning: an extensive fire which destroys a great deal of land or property
Synonym: fire, blaze, flames, inferno
Antonym: demilitarization, demobilization, disarmament;
Sentence: “tinder-dry conditions sparked fears of a conflagration in many drought-devastated communities”
Meaning: showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.
Synonym: apathetic, casual, indifferent, disinterested,
Antonym: concerned, interested
Sentence: “you can’t afford to be complacent about security”