Meaning: a change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.
Synonym: mutation, modification, transition
Sentence: “her husband’s sharp vicissitudes of fortune”
Meaning: experienced in the imagination through the feelings or actions of another person.
Synonym: indirect, second-hand, secondary, derivative,
Sentence: “this catalogue brings vicarious pleasure in luxury living”
Meaning: able to adapt or be adapted to many different functions or activities.
Synonym: flexible, all-round, multifaceted, multitalented,
Antonym: inflexible, limited
Sentence: “a versatile sewing machine”
Meaning: the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people of a country or region.
Synonym: everyday language, spoken language, colloquial speech,slang
Sentence: “he wrote in the vernacular to reach a larger audience”
Meaning: spoil or impair the quality or efficiency of.
Synonym: poison, spoil, stain, tarnish, touch, taint
Sentence: “development programmes have been vitiated by the rise in population”
Meaning: the action of intimidating someone, or the state of being intimidated.
Synonym: frightening, menacing, terrifying, scaring, alarming
Antonym: benign, benignant, gentle, mild, non-intimidating, tender
Sentence: “the intimidation of witnesses and jurors”
Meaning: done or shown openly; plainly apparent.
Synonym: undisguised, unconcealed, observable, visible, manifest, above board;
Antonym: covert, hidden
Sentence: “an overt act of aggression”
Meaning: a person who believes that war and violence are unjustifiable., holding the belief that war and violence are unjustifiable.
Synonym: appeaser, pacifier
Sentence: “she was a committed pacifist all her life”
Meaning: prevent (someone) from accomplishing something.
Synonym: foil, frustrate, baulk, stand in the way of, forestall
Antonym: assist, facilitate
Sentence: “he never did anything to thwart his father”
Meaning: a public entertainment consisting of a procession of people in elaborate, colourful costumes, or an outdoor performance of a historical scene., a beauty contest.
Synonym: parade, procession, cavalcade
Sentence: “they brought the history books to life at the town’s pageant”