Synonym: adopt, maintain, defend
Antonym: attack, reject
Sentence: He was an optimist or he never would have espoused the American cause.
Meaning: on and off
Synonym: occasional, infrequent, irregular
Antonym: common, constant, frequent
Sentence:At first resistance to Western encroachment was sporadic and uncoordinated.
Meaning: Pull back or move away or backwards
Synonym: subside, ebb, taper
Antonym: forge, ascend, prolong
Sentence: The unhappy memories of her childhood receded as she grew older
Meaning: tending to induce drowsiness or sleep., a drug or other substance that induces drowsiness or sleep.
Synonym: sleeping pill, sleeping potion, sedative, calmative, tranquillizer, narcotic, opiate;
Antonym: invigorating, stimulant
Sentence: “the motion of the train had a somewhat soporific effect”
Meaning: following or conforming to the traditional or generally accepted rules or beliefs of a religion, philosophy, or practice.
Synonym: conservative, traditional, observant, conformist
Antonym: unconventional, unorthodox, nonconformist
Sentence: “Burke’s views were orthodox in his time”
Meaning: childishly silly and immature
Synonym: jejune, infantile
Antonym: mature, adult
Sentence: “a puerile argument”
Meaning: Cause or become hurt
Synonym: annoy, rack, grieve
Antonym: Aid, delight
Sentence: Not only does she afflict my children; but my cattle, my gun and myself have been bewitched by her.
Synonym: Bothered, Upset
Antonym: benefit , calm
Sentence:The more he loses, the more perturbed he gets
Meaning: relating to, used for, or prescribing the punishment of offenders under the legal system.
Synonym: disciplinary, punitive, corrective,
Antonym: compensatory; acquitting,
Sentence: “the campaign for penal reform”
Meaning: the action or process of altering or being altered.
Synonym: change, adjustment, adaptation, modification,
Sentence: “careful alteration of old buildings”