Meaning: naive, simplistic, and superficial, (of ideas or writings) dry and uninteresting
Synonym: childish, innocuous
Sentence:”their entirely predictable and usually jejune opinions”
Meaning: begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish.
Synonym: boom, mushroom, proliferate,
Sentence:”manufacturers are keen to cash in on the burgeoning demand”
Meaning: a ridiculous but amusing person; a clown.
Synonym: clown, antic, comedian
Sentence: I wonder when my thirty-year-old son will stop acting like a buffoon and begin to take life seriously.
Meaning: extend beyond or above a surface.
Synonym: stand out, come through, peek, poke
Antonym: sunken, inconspicuous
Sentence:”something like a fin protruded from the water”
Meaning: the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents.
Synonym: wearing away, abrasion
Sentence: “the problem of soil erosion
Meaning: a person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person
Synonym: pupil, student, trainee, apprentice;
Sentence:”Ruskin submitted his protégé’s name for election”
Meaning: the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect.
Synonym: comparison, contrast;
Sentence: “the juxtaposition of these two images”
Meaning: a confusing and difficult problem or question.
Synonym: dilemma, problem,
Sentence: “one of the most difficult conundrums for the experts”
Meaning: extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy.
Synonym: blind patriotism, chauvinism, extreme nationalism
Sentence:”the popular jingoism that swept the lower–middle classes”
Meaning: stimulate or give rise to (a reaction or emotion, typically a strong or unwelcome one) in someone.
Synonym: arouse, produce, evoke,
Antonym: pacify, appease
Sentence: “the decision provoked a storm of protest from civil rights organizations”