Meaning: an approach that evaluates theories or beliefs in terms of the success of their practical application.
Synonym: Logical, practical
Sentence: “ideology had been tempered with pragmatism”
Meaning: making a show of being morally superior to other people.
Antonym: forthright, honest
Sentence: “what happened to all the sanctimonious talk about putting his family first?”
Meaning: defeat thoroughly.
Synonym: conquer, defeat
Sentence: “he successfully vanquished his rival”
Meaning: a stock of plays, dances, or items that a company or a performer knows or is prepared to perform.
Synonym: collection, stock, range, repertory
Sentence: “the mainstream concert repertoire”
Meaning: existing at or from the beginning of time; primaeval.
Synonym: first, prehistoric, antediluvian, antique,
Sentence: “the primordial oceans”
Meaning: a person or thing that is essential to the success of an organisation or operation.
Antonym: inferior, subordinate, underling; mediocrity,
Sentence: “the kingpins of the television industry
Meaning: the action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a person’s reputation.
Synonym: besmirch, tarnish, taint, misrepresent
Sentence: “he is suing the TV company for slander”
Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.
Synonym: improve, amend, better, enhance, enrich
Antonym: damage, endamage, harm, hurt, impair, injure, spoil, tarnish, vitiate
Sentence: “the reform did much to ameliorate living standards
Meaning: (of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words.
Synonym: brief, concise, terse, succinct, short, economical,
Antonym: verbose, long-winded, loquacious
Sentence: “his laconic reply suggested a lack of interest in the topic”
Meaning: inflicting or intended as punishment.
Synonym: penal, disciplinary, corrective,
Antonym: exonerating, condoning, pardoning
Sentence: “he called for punitive measures against the Eastern bloc”