Dear students, English language is the flavor of the millennium. In every aspect of life, we need great English language skills to stand out and be a success in your chosen field. In your competitive Exams for govt. jobs, English section is the most challenging. The best way to improve your language skills is by Reading newspapers. We are providing 10 vocabulary words from The Hindu Newspaper Editorial. Read and learn.
Meaning: make or go on a foray.
Example: While the Physics departments at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and the Harish Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad, have only forayed into the theoretical aspects of quantum computing, a DST official said that “the time has come to build one.”
Meaning: well known, respected, and admired for past achievements.
Synonyms: eminent, distinguished, acclaimed, noted, notable, noteworthy, prominent, pre-eminent, foremost, leading, paramount, prestigious, important, significant, influential, lionized.
Example: While India’s highest decorated cricketer is Sachin Tendulkar (Bharat Ratna, 2014), Dhoni is likely to join a group of illustrious cricketers who have been awarded the Padma Bhushan— Col. C.K. Nayudu, Vinoo Mankad, Prof. D.B. Deodhar, Lala Amarnath, Chandu Borde, Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev and Rahul Dravid, among others.
Meaning: an outline representing or bounding the shape or form of something.
Synonyms: outline, shape, form.
Example: In such a scenario, does it still make sense to hope for a meaningful Opposition in the run-up to 2019 and after? If yes, what might be the contours of a political strategy that would enable it to pose a credible challenge to the BJP juggernaut?
Meaning: 500 (formerly 480) sheets of paper, a large quantity of something, especially paper or writing.
Example: Reams have been written about the failures of the Opposition parties. Far from holding the government to account, they have either been dormant or busy fighting for survival. The BJP, on the other hand, has been steadily expanding its footprint. It was in power in five States before the 2014 polls. Today the National Democratic Alliance is in power in 18 out of the 29 States. Thirteen of those have a BJP Chief Minister.
Meaning: struggle or stagger clumsily in mud or water.
Synonyms: struggle, thrash, thresh, flail, toss and turn, twist and turn, pitch, splash, stagger, stumble, falter, lurch, blunder, fumble, grope, squirm, writhe.
Example: If the Opposition has floundered so far, it is because it has tried, without much conviction, to challenge the BJP on its narrative home ground. Not surprisingly, its attempts have failed to strike a chord.
Meaning: a movable joint or mechanism on which a door, gate, or lid swings as it opens and closes or which connects linked objects., (verb) attach or join with or as if with a hinge.
Example: The Opposition’s success would ultimately hinge on how effective it is in convincing the people that if they value their nation’s democratic traditions as much as they do development, they must either elect a coalition government in 2019, or force the ‘BJP system’ to become more like the ‘Congress system’, not by importing Congressmen, but by imbibing the values of pluralism and respect for dissent that the Congress stands for in its Nehruvian vision of itself, if not always in reality.
Meaning: the interaction or cooperation of two or more organizations, substances, or other agents to produce a combined effect greater than the sum of their separate effects.
Example: The India-Japan synergy has two key elements. Japan is investing heavily in strengthening its critical infrastructure to enhance its economic and potential defence capabilities. Simultaneously, the two countries have begun working on a joint infrastructure development and connectivity drive traversing the Indian Ocean, from Myanmar to Sri Lanka to Iran and encompassing the Asia-Africa Growth Corridor. On defence matters, Japan and India have agreed to establish regular consultations in the “2+2” format of their defence and foreign ministries.
8.bona fide (adjective)
Meaning: genuine; real.
Synonyms: authentic, genuine, real, true, actual, sterling, sound, legal, legitimate, lawful, valid, unadulterated, unalloyed, proper, straight, fair and square.
Example: This would begin the clean-up of the Augean stables of firms set up in many cases with less than bona fide intent and having virtually no business operations. However, the Union government’s move to publicise the identities of some of these individuals with a view to ‘naming and shaming’ them is fraught with risk; the devil, as always, is in the detail.
Meaning: without intention; accidentally.
Synonyms: accidentally, by accident, unintentionally, unwittingly.
Example: While the underlying motive for this action, as cited by the ministry, of “breaking the network of shell companies” in the government’s fight against black money is laudable, there is a real danger of inadvertently tainting genuine firms and individuals. This was in evidence when the Securities Appellate Tribunal recently gave relief to some entities over trading curbs hastily imposed on them by SEBI.
Meaning: With or in bad faith, Not being what one purports to be.
Synonyms: ambidextrous, disingenuous, insincere, left-handed.
Example: Also, given the sheer scale of the task at hand, with the ministry identifying more than 1.06 lakh directors for disqualification, it is imperative that there be great care and diligence to ensure that the authorities do not penalise anyone who for non-mala fide reasons failed to comply with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act.