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The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary for IB ACIO Exam 2017

The Hindu Newspaper Editorial Vocabulary for IB ACIO Exam 2017_40.1

Dear students, English language is the flavor of the millennium. In every aspect of life, we need great English language skills to stand out and be a success in your chosen field. In your competitive Exams for govt. jobs, English section is the most challenging. The best way to improve your language skills is by Reading newspapers. We are providing 10 vocabulary words from The Hindu Newspaper Editorial. Read and learn.


Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.
Synonyms: improve, amend, better, enhance, enrich, help, meliorate, perfect, refine, upgrade
Example: Jayalalithaa’s implementation of compulsory rainwater harvesting in Chennai ameliorated the situation in a city that was once the byword for water shortage. It is difficult to ascribe a similar game-changing role to the flyovers in the State capital associated with the Karunanidhi government.
2.Ascribe (verb)
Meaning: regard something as being due to (a cause).
Synonyms: attribute, assign, put down, set down, accredit, credit, give the credit for, chalk up, impute.
Example:It is difficult to ascribe a similar game-changing role to the flyovers in the State capital associated with the Karunanidhi government.
3.Conspicuously (adverb)
Meaning: in a clearly visible way, in a way that attracts notice or attention.
Example:This may appear counter-intuitive given its image as a permanent opposition to the Indian mainstream, but is actually not so. By staunchly opposing the imposition of Hindi on the rest of the country, an end relentlessly pursued by certain sections of the north, the Dravidian movement and its principal heir, the DMK, saved India from going the way of Pakistan or Sri Lanka. Before the former lost its eastern wing, West Pakistan’s conspicuously anglicised establishment had imposed Urdu on their Bengali co-religionists who were unwilling to bear the injustice. 
4.Chauvinism (noun)
Meaning: exaggerated or aggressive patriotism.
Synonyms: jingoism, excessive patriotism, blind patriotism, excessive nationalism, sectarianism, isolationism, excessive loyalty, flag-waving, xenophobia, racism, racialism, racial prejudice, ethnocentrism, ethnocentricity.
Example: This remarkably mature arrangement saved Indian democracy. From time to time linguistic chauvinism has been on display from actors as diverse as Mulayam Singh Yadav and Central ministers in the Narendra Modi government, but by and large the principle has been adhered to by the Centre in its dealing with the States.
5.Adjudication (noun)
Meaning: the action or process of adjudicating., a formal judgement on a disputed matter.
Synonyms: arbitration, refereeing, umpiring.
Example: While this virtually operates as a stay on Jadhav’s execution, a substantive interim order is expected only when the court hears India’s application for “provisional measures” at its hearing on May 15, pending adjudication of its plea for declaring Pakistan’s actions as violative of international law. New Delhi’s position is that Jadhav is innocent and that he was “kidnapped” by Pakistani agents from Iran.
6.Incongruous (adjective)
Meaning: not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something.
Synonyms: out of place, out of keeping, inappropriate, unsuitable, unsuited, not in harmony.
Example: On the face of it, India’s decision to move the ICJ may appear somewhat incongruous in the light of its position against internationalizing its disputes with Pakistan. 
7.Clemency (noun)
Meaning: mercy; lenience.
Synonyms: mercy, mercifulness, leniency, lenience, mildness, indulgence, forbearance.
Example: Though it is theoretically possible for Pakistan to ignore the ICJ’s order and go ahead with its internal processes for the disposal of appeals and clemency petitions, it is unlikely to do so. Such a course of action would undermine its international credibility. 
8.Preclude (verb)
Meaning: prevent from happening; make impossible.
Synonyms:  prevent, make it impossible for, make it impracticable for, rule out, put a stop to, stop, prohibit, debar, interdict, block, bar, hinder, impede.
Example: The ICJ has rejected Pakistan’s objections regarding the urgency of the matter. It rejected Pakistan’s own jurisdiction to take up the case and its claim that a 2008 bilateral agreement between the two countries precluded the matter from being raised before the ICJ.
9.Aesthetics (noun)
Meaning: a set of principles concerned with the nature and appreciation of beauty.
Example: “Writing well is not a mere matter of aesthetics; it is a “moral issue.” In fact, if I were the current occupant of the White House, I would take on this issue by appointing Sir Harold to be our nation’s Good Writing Tsar. Or Czar.

10.Adjudicate (verb)
Meaning: make a formal judgement on a disputed matter., act as a judge in a competition.
Synonyms: judge, adjudge, try, hear, examine, arbitrate, decide on, decide, settle, resolve, determine, pronounce on, give a ruling on, sit in judgement on, pass judgement on, give a verdict on, make a ruling on.
Example: One would expect the judges of the Supreme Court to adjudicate the constitutional validity of triple talaq (and, if they choose, of the other practices under question as well) detached from the political debate, and strictly in accordance with law.

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