Q1.Which is the highest peak in Andaman and Nicobar islands?
(a) Mount Koya
(b) Mount Diavolo
(c) Saddle Peak
(d) Mount Thuiller
Q2.Which of the following neighbouring country of India is not a landlocked country?
Q3.Which type of forests majorly comprises of lichens and mosses?
(a) Taiga forests
(b) Tundra forests
(c) Temperate mixed forests
(d) Tropical ever green forests
Q4.Which of the following has maximum diurnal temperature difference?
Q5.Which of the following state receives rainfall due to western disturbances?
(b) West Bengal
Q6.Why does Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats both receive suﬀicient rainfall but Deccan Plateau receives scanty rainfall?
(a) It is a rain shadow area
(b) It is located parallel to wind direction
(c) It is away from the coast
(d) Rain bearing clouds are absent
Q7.Which of the following is NOT a primary green house gas in the earth’s atmosphere?
(c) Nitrous oxide
Q8.Which type of forest is most widespread in India?
(a) Tropical Evergreen Forests
(b) Tropical Deciduous Forests
(c) Montane Forests
(d) Mangrove Forests
Q9.The part of the Himalayas lying between Satluj and Kali rivers is known as ____________.
(a) Punjab Himalaya
(b) Nepal Himalayas
(c) Kumaon Himalayas
(d) Assam Himalayas
Q10.Which railway station is used for immigration and customs of passengers who travel on the Thar Express between Pakistan and India?
(a) Jalal Marri
(b) Zero Point
(c) Lal Pir
(d) Gujar Garhi
Sol. Saddle Peak is the highest point of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Sol. Nepal, Bhutan and Afghanistan are India’s neighbouring landlocked countries. Myanmar is not a landlocked country.
Sol. Tundra is a type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. In tundra, the vegetation is composed of dwarf shrubs,sedges and grasses, mosses, and lichens.
Sol.The diurnal temperature range (DTR) is the difference between the daily maximum and minimum temperature. Desert areas typically have the greatest diurnal temperature variations.
Sol.Western disturbance refers to a system of low pressure that moves from west to east, bringing moisture from Eurasian water bodies, and is responsible for winter rain in northwestern India and snowfall in the Himalayan tracts. It usually brings rain during the winters but also during the pre-monsoon period. Punjab receives rainfall due to western disturbances.
Sol.A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area (away from the wind). Deccan Plateau falls in a rain shadow area thus it receives scanty rainfall.
Sol.A greenhouse gas (GHG) is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. This process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. The primary greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone.
Sol.Tropical Deciduous Forest is most widespread in India (about 65% of total forest area).
Sol. Kumaun Himalayas is west-central section of the Himalayas in northern India, extending 200 miles (320 km) from the Sutlej River to the Kali River
Sol. Zero Point railway station is used for immigration and customs of passengers who travel on the Thar Express between Pakistan and India. It is situated 8 km east of Khokhrapar, Sindh and lies on the Pakistan–India border. The station was constructed in February 2006.