GA Notes: Governor of States in India for Govt. Exams (Part-II)

Dear Students,

General Awareness is an important section that can help you grab the maximum marks in a competitive exam in the minimum time. You need not perform complex calculation to settle for the correct option so, it’s the best to be prepared with the facts and figures in advance so as to score to the maximum in this section. For Railway Group-D Exam 2018, important awards, current affairs, history, geography, general science, economy and Static GK is occupying the major part. To let you have an information about all important sections of GA, this post is to provide you with important points on Governor of states in India. Grab the below given important points related to this particular topic and score well in the examination.

STATE GOVERNMENT
Governor

Powers of Governor
Executive Powers:
•All executive actions of the state are to be taken in the name of the Governor. He acts as a representative of President in the state.
•He has power to recommend President that the government of the state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. This leads to the imposition of President rule in the State under Article 356.
All major appointments in the state are made by the Governor.
•He is the Chancellor of various universities in the state and appoints their Vice-Chancellors.


Legislative Powers:
•He summons the house(s) of the legislature of state.
Note: 6 months must not lapse between the last sitting in one session and the first in the next session.
•He may prorogue the house(s) and dissolve the legislative assembly.
•He has right to reserve certain bills for the assent of the President [Article 200].
•He nominates 1/6th of the members of Legislative Council having special knowledge in literature, science, arts, cooperative movement and social service.
Decides on the question of disqualification of a member of State Legislature in consultation with Election Commission.
•His most important power is the ordinance making power [Article 213].
•The ordinances have to be approved by the state legislature.
Submission of reports from Auditor General, State Public Service Commission, State Finance Commission, etc. before the Legislature.

Discretionary Powers:
•Though in most of the matters he has to act on the advice of Council of Ministers, but there are some matters in which he can act according to his discretion.
•He selects the CM if no party has clear-cut majority.
Dismissal of Ministry if he is convinced that it has lost majority support.
•Dissolving the Legislative Assembly.
Reservation of certain bills for the consideration of the President (Article 200).
•Submission of report to the President regarding failure of constitutional machinery in the State.

Financial Powers:
A money bill cannot be introduced in the Legislative Assembly of the State without the recommendation of the Governor.
•No demand of grants can be made except on the recommendation of the Governor.
•The Governor introduces “annual financial statements”, that is “Budget” before the house or houses of the legislature [Article 202].
•He constitutes a finance commission after every five years to review the financial position of the panchyats and the municipalities.
•He can make advances out of the Contingency Fund of the state to meet any unforeseen expenditure.

Judicial Powers:
•He can grant pardons, reprieves, respites and remissions of punishment or suspend, remit and commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence against any law relating to a matter to which the executive power of the state extends.
•He is consulted by the president while appointing the judges of the concerned state high court.
•He makes appointments, postings and promotions of the district judges in consultation with the state high court.
•He also appoints persons to the judicial service of the state (other than district judges) in consultation with the state high court and the State Public Service Commission.