included in the original Constitution. These have been added by the 42nd Amendment in 1976 as a new part of the Constitution – Part IVA. Fundamental duties are recommended by the Swarn Singh committee and concept of fundamental duties are taken from USSR. The 11 Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens, under Article 51A Part IV A are
Essentially all that is contained in the Fundamental Duties is just a codification of tasks integral to the Indian way of life. A close scrutiny of the clauses of Article 51A indicates that a number of these clauses basically refer to such values as having been a part of Indian tradition, mythology, religion and practices. Duties of a citizen of Indian were not
(a) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideas and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
(b) To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired our national freedom struggle.
(c) To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
(d) To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
(e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood among all the people of India, transcending religious, linguistic and regional sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
(f) To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
(g) To protect and improve the natural environment, including forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures.
(h) To develop a scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of enquiry and reform.
(i) To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
(j) To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.
(k) A person who is parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of 6 and 14 years. It is added by the 86th constitutional amendment act of 2002
As a result of the 42nd Amendment (1976), the Indian Constitution has incorporated a set of Fundamental Duties in a separate part added to chapter IV (Article 51A). Also, ‘Education’ was included in the Concurrent List by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976 to the Constitution of India.Under this article,
The adherence to Fundamental Duties can be brought into the society through public opinion and education in citizenship, values and duties. Constructing acceptable levels of consciousness about the Fundamental Duties wherein every citizen feels proud and bound to perform his Constitutional duties towards the nations and other citizens.