Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched ‘Gram Uday Se Bharat Uday Abhiyan’ (Village Self Governance Campaign) on the occasion of 125th birth anniversary of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar at his birthplace at Mhow, Madhya Pradesh.
The main objectives include –
(i) Make nationwide efforts to boost social harmony
(ii) Strengthen Panchayati Raj System;
(iii) Promote comprehensive rural development
(iv) Foster farmers welfare,
(v) Organization of Gram Kisan Sabhas. It aims to make farming – viable; steady sustainable and profitable, by (a) Increase in productivity, Better inputs, technologies and extension support, (b) Remunerative prices and Market support, (c) Risk Mitigation, (d) Livelihoods diversification through allied activities, (e) Second Green Revolution in the Eastern Region, and (f) Doubling Farmers Income by 2022.
The following initiatives were undertaken:
PM Fasal Bima Yojana
(i) Inherent reasons – ranging from high premium rates to low claim value and non-coverage of localized crop loss.
(ii) Not more than 20% of farmers opted for Crop Insurance.
Focus of the scheme –
(i) One premium rate for each season for all food grain, oil seeds and pulses-Kharif: 2% only; Rabi: 1.5% only and Horticulture 5% only
(ii) Farmers to pay the lowest ever premium rate;
(iii) Govt. to bear remaining financial burden – even if govt. share exceeds 90%.
(iv) Farmers to get full insurance cover;
(v) For the first time, Post – have been covered nationally.
PM Krishi Sinchai Yojana
(Drought Proofing Agriculture – PMKSY in Irrigated & Rain fed Areas)
(i) Only 45% area is irrigated;
(ii) 23% gap between irrigation potential created and utilized.
Focus of the Scheme –
(i) bringing water to every single farm;
(ii) Conserve soil & water through Good Agricultural Practices;
(iii) Harvest rain water through construction of check dams & ponds;
(iv) Adopt crop diversification, seed production & nursery raising in water logged areas;
(v) Adopt drip & sprinkler irrigation.
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
Modern methods not followed fully & old legacy lost.
Focus of the Scheme
(i) Promote organic farming for sustainability;
(ii) Make entire North – eastern Region, especially Sikkim, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram a hub of Organic farming.
Soil Health Management
Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers.
Focus of the Scheme
Test the soil, learn about the status of its health and nurture it with requisite nutrients. Work Done so Far: The government recently informed the Lok Sabha that so far against the target of 14 crore cards distribution, 6 crore cards have been distributed and remaining cards are under printing.