Essay Asked in SSC CHSL Tier 2 Exam | “Freedom of Speech in India: “Constitutional Provisions and Public Debate”

SSC CHSL Tier-II Exam was conducted on 14th February 2021 in Pen & Paper Mode. It was a descriptive paper consisting of two sections – Letter and Essay Writing. Both the sections were 50 marks each and the total time duration of the exam was 1 hour. Descriptive Paper tests the candidates’ writing ability along with how you construct your ideas and opinions on certain topics. The topic asked in the essay on the descriptive paper was   “Freedom of Speech in India: “constitutional provisions and public debate”.

The key points regarding Essay Writing:
  • Avoid exceeding the word limit.
  • Avoid repetition of words.
  • Put your information neat and in deep knowledge of topics.
  • Correct knowledge of formats.

Let’s start with the essay.

“Freedom of Speech in India: “constitutional provisions and public debate”

The constitution of India guarantees freedom of speech to each Indian regardless of gender, caste, creed, or religion. This is a fundamental freedom guaranteed that defines the values of democracy in a country. The freedom to practice religion, the liberty to precise love and affection, the liberty to precise our opinions and dissenting views without hurting sentiments, and causing violence is an essential part of what India is made up of.

India and Indians are known for their secular fabric and for uploading democratic values in the world. Hence, it becomes necessary to enforce freedom of speech in India to save and celebrate our democracy. Freedom of speech isn’t almost our fundamental right, it is, in fact, a fundamental duty that each citizen should rightfully neutralize in order to save lots of the essence of our democracy.

Freedom of speech is the gold standard to measure the health of democracy in any country. The standard of living and the happiness index in a country is based on the extent to which freedom of expression is practiced. Healthy democracies just like the USA or France or the united kingdom guarantees great amounts of freedom of expression to their people.

Some of the worst countries to fare in terms of freedom of expression are those of authoritarian regimes, dictatorships, or failed democracies like Pakistan, China, North Korea, Egypt, or Syria. But at the same time, there are many instances where freedom of speech leads to creating hatred and spread bigotry amongst communities and provoke people to resort to violence. Taking advantage of the liberty of speech has, in many cases, cause communal riots in India like the 2020 Delhi riots or the 2002 Godhra riots.

Governments around the world should maintain a balance between freedom of speech and maintaining law and order. To protect freedom of speech we can’t compromise on the law and order of a state and within the same way so as to take care of law and order we should not curtail the liberty of speech of the people. A central point should be found where both can co-exist.

Also, there are various laws that protect the people of India in rightly fully exercising their freedom of expression. But while the laws stay, it’s the implementation of these laws that are proving to be a big challenge for the authorities.

At the same time, freedom of speech and expression can’t be absolute. People cant cause violence, hatred, bigotry, and tensions in society in the name of freedom of speech. This will ironically harm the very reason why freedom of speech is allowed in the first place. Freedom of speech should not lead to anarchy and chaos in a country. When article 370 was abrogated in Kashmir, freedom of speech was stifled, not because the government wanted to stifle democratic values but to prevent the spread of fake news, put a curb on terrorism, and any sorts of preventing communal tensions in the area.

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