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Directions (1-3): In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive Voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active Voice.
Q1. The maid vacuums and dusts the house every day.
(a) Every day the house is vacuumed and dusted by the maid.
(b) Every day the house were vacuumed and dusted by the maid.
(c) Dusting and Vacuuming of the house every day is being done by the maid.
(d) Dusting and Vacuuming of the house every day was being done by the maid.
Q2. The fire destroyed the whole neighbourhood.
(a) The whole neighbourhood is destroyed by the fire.
(b) The whole neighbourhood was destroyed by the fire.
(c) The whole neighbourhood was being destroyed by the fire.
(d) The whole neighbourhood is being destroyed by the fire.
(a) That piece are really enjoyed by the choir.
(b) That piece is really enjoyed by the choir.
(c) Enjoyment of that piece is done by the choir.
(d) Enjoying of that piece is done by the choir.
Q4. to jostle
(a) to scramble
(b) to shove
(c) to eschew
(d) to hustle
Sol. Jostle means push, elbow, or bump against (someone) roughly, typically in a crowd and eschew means deliberately avoid using; abstain from.
Q5. to placate
(a) to provoke
(b) to propitiate
(c) to tranquilize
(d) to mollify
Sol. placate: make (someone) less angry or hostile.
Provoke: deliberately make (someone) annoyed or angry.
Sol. content: in a state of peaceful happiness.
Depressed: in a state of unhappiness or despondency.
Directions (7-9): Select the synonym:
Sol. Litter: rubbish such as paper, cans, and bottles left lying in an open or public place.
Sol. Obliterate: wipe out.
Annihilate: to obliterate
Sol. Commemorate: recall and show respect for something.
Celebrate: honour or praise publicly.
Q10. It was being hard to believe(A)/that my brother could be(B)/involved with anything so sinister.(C)/No error(D)
Sol. “Being” should be removed because two forms of “be” in a complement should not be used.
Q11. The average age at which(A)/people die of heart diseases(B)/are decreasing. (C)/No error(D)
Sol. when we talk about “age” and if we need to talk about the context related to lessening, the word “reduce” should be used.
Q12. Hardly had I stepped(A)/out of my house when(B)/I saw them coming towards my house. (C)/No error(D)
Sol. no error.
Q13. Our nation’s _______________ into another country’s war could pull us into the crisis.
Sol. intervention: the action or process of intervening.
Sol. enthusiast: a person who is very interested in a particular activity or subject
Q15. Because she had a ______________ demeanour, she was a desirable friend.
Sol. Demeanour is noun which means outward behavior, “pleasant” is the correct word to choose.
Because she had a pleasant outward behaviour, she was a desirable friend.
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