Learn Vocab With Daily News Articles For Govt Exams: 24th April

Dear Readers, 
The English Language has been a backbone of Present Era, the more you pay a deaf ear towards it, the more you embroil yourself. Because running away from an impediment is futile instead learn to face it boldly. More specifically, if we speak of hot topics like career, education and a propitious life, the English Language is ineluctable. In Exams like SSC CPO and and SSC CGL where dealing with English and General Awareness Section is mandatory, reading this way is beneficial. If you find it arduous to learn new words in a plain mode, ADDA247 is here to buttress your learning skills in a more fun and productive way.
Taking felicitous snippet from well reputed newspaper editorials, our motive is not just to make you learn the English language but keep you updated with the current affairs and events across the world which are important from the govt exams point of view. Either you are a job aspirant or a working person or just want to outsmart others, this is a befitting platform to expedite your performance thoroughly.

THIS EARTH DAY, LET US FIND OUT IF HATE IS BIODEGRADABLE OR NOT

My day started with reading a (1) prominent intellectual liberal’s Facebook post on the degradation of plastic, one of the greatest polluters to ever appear on Earth. The problem with plastic is, it is almost non-biodegradable. Unfortunately for us, before we could realize its ill-effects, it is mass produced and has started and (2) clogging life on Earth, as it is refusing to die a natural death. And yet, we are still (3) churning more plastic in all forms because it is a wonderful packaging material.

On this Earth Day, let us understand that the real threat to this planet is not plastic. It is hate. Hate is polluting Earth and it will kill us well before global warming. When humanity is (4) poised today, it is critical to figure out if hate is biodegradable or not, and if not, what is the way we are going to stop it. Modern India is full of hate, but the prime contender is religious hatred. Though using the H or M word is almost a (5) sacrilege today, I can (6) stick my neck out and be candid enough to say that Hindu-Muslim is central to our nation today. Even today, Hindus and Muslims can be pushed into (7) frenzy mode by referring to a distant past that is not even well recorded in history books.

India was occupied by an alien culture borne of a religion that firmly believed that we are (8) pagans and lowly life forms that they had a religious and natural right to rule. Less than a life time away, and well after Timor, Babur and Aurangzeb had (9) tormented India, British ruled us with an iron fist. The fact that a mutineer’s kid standing on the road of Kanpur just outside Bibighar today will greet a British tourist with a wave has a lesson for us all. Hate is a completely bio-degradable. We can hate only if we are constantly manipulated by (10) hate-mongers.

The only way we can bio-degrade this massive quantum of hate that is floating around Earth right now is to apply reason to hate. Reason destroys hate in seconds.  If we want hate to stop before it destroys the planet, we need a global awareness campaign against it and its suppliers.

1. PROMINENT (adjective)=मुख्य
Meaning: important; famous.
Synonyms: well known, leading, eminent, pre-eminent, distinguished, notable, noteworthy, noted, public, outstanding, illustrious, celebrated, famous, renowned, esteemed, respected, influential, prestigious.
Antonyms: insignificant, undistinguished, unimportant, unpretentious, restrained, subdued, toned-down, inconspicuous, unemphatic, unflamboyant, unnoticeable, unobtrusive, unremarkable.

2. CLOG (verb) =रोकना
Meaning: to (cause something to) become blocked or filled so that movement or activity is difficult.
Synonyms: cramp, embarrass, encumber, fetter, hamper, handcuff, hinder, hobble, hog-tie, impede, inhibit, manacle, obstruct, shackle, stymie, tie up, trammel.
Antonyms: make way, open, unclog, unplug, unstop, untie, loosen, smooth, encourage, further, promote, aid, assist, facilitate, help.

3. CHURN (verb)=मंथन करना
Meaning: move or cause to move about vigorously.
Synonyms: heave, swirl, toss, seethe, disturb, agitate, stir, whirl, whip, whisk, reel, shake.
Antonyms: abate, calm, subside, unchanging, motionless.

4. POISED (adjective)=संतुलित
Meaning: having a composed and self-assured manner.
Synonyms: self-possessed, self-assured, composed, assured, calm, cool, cool, calm, at ease, tranquil, serene, unperturbed, unruffled, dignified, suave, urbane, elegant, unfazed.
Antonyms: offset, changeability, fluctuation, inconstancy, insecurity, instability, mutability, precariousness, shakiness, unsteadiness, volatility.

5. SACRILEGE (noun)=अपवित्रीकरण
Meaning: violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred.
Synonyms: desecration, profanity, profaneness, blasphemy, impiety, impiousness, sin, irreverence, irreligiousness, godlessness, unholiness, disrespect.
Antonyms: consecration, purification, sanctification, reverence, veneration, adoration, glorification, worship.

6. STICK ONE’S NECK OUT (Phrase): Risk incurring criticism or anger by acting or speaking boldly.

7. FRENZY (noun) =उन्माद
Meaning: a state or period of uncontrolled excitement or wild behavior.
Synonyms: hysteria, madness, mania, insanity, derangement, dementedness, delirium, feverishness, agitation, turmoil, tumult, euphoria, elation, ecstasy.
Antonyms: calm, calmness, peace, placidity, quiet, quietude, repose, restfulness, serenity, still, stillness, tranquility.

8. PAGAN (noun)=नास्तिक
Meaning: a person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions.
Synonyms: heathen, infidel, idolater, atheist, non-theist, irreligious person, agnostic, sceptic, heretic, apostate.
Antonyms: religious, devout, monotheistic, believer, holy, divine.

9. TORMENT (verb)=यातना देना 
Meaning: cause to experience severe mental or physical suffering.
Synonyms: torture, afflict, harrow, plague, distress, agonize, excruciate, crucify, rack, mortify, trouble, abuse, maltreat, mistreat, molest.
Antonyms: abet, aid, assist, relieve, reprieve, console, content, quiet, solace, soothe, succor.

10. HATE-MONGER (noun)घृणा-कराने वाला
Meaning: someone who tries to encourage people to hate other people or groups.
Synonyms: agitator, detractor, troublemaker, depreciator, bigot, demagogue, knocker.

IMPORTANT GA FACTS BASED ON ABOVE ARTICLE:

1. Earth Day is observed every year on April 22. First celebrated in 1970, Earth Day is significant as it’s a day of political action and civic participation towards preserving the planet. Earth Day Network is the organization that leads Earth Day worldwide.

Importance of Earth Day 2018:

2. April 22 was chosen as Earth Day by Gaylord Nelson, the founder of Earth Day. The importance of Earth Day is to increase the awareness among common public, especially among youngsters, to get full effect of the campaign of environmental safety.

Earth Day 2018 Theme

3. Earth Day 2018 theme is ‘End Plastic Pollution’. It is dedicated to providing the information and inspiration needed to fundamentally change human attitude and behavior about plastics.

4. Earth Day was renamed officially by the UN in 2009 as International Mother Earth Day. Earth Day originated in the US but became recognized worldwide by 1990.

5. In an Earth Day celebration in 2011, 28 million trees were planted in Afghanistan by the Earth Day Network. In Panama, 100 endangered species of orchids were planted and maintained to prevent their extinction in honor of Earth Day.

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