Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four given alternatives.
The Ages of Faith, which is praised by our neo-scholastics, were the times the clergy had all the things their own way. Daily life was full of miracles wrought by saints and wizardry, perpetrated by devils and necromancers.
Many thousands of witches were burnt at the stake. The sins of men were punished by pestilence, famine, earthquake, flood and fire. And yet, strange to say, they were even more sinful than they are nowadays.
Very little was known scientifically about the world. A few learned men remembered Greek proofs that the earth is round, but most people made fun of the notion that there are antipodes. To suppose that there are human beings at the antipodes was heresy. It was generally held, though modern Catholics took a milder view, that the immense majority of mankind was dammed. Dangers were held to lurk at every turn.
Q1. Many thousands of witches were
(b) encouraged in their work
(c) burnt at the stake
(d) revered and respected
Q2. The sins of men were punished by
(a) sending them to the gallows
(b) beating them to death
(c) disease, death and despair
(d) pestilence, famine, earthquake, flood and fire
Q3. Scientifically, very little was known about
(b) the plants
(c) the animals
(d) the world
Q4. A few learned men remembered that
(a) the earth is round
(b) the sun rises in the east
(c) the sun sets in the west
(d) human beings inhale oxygen
Q5. Most people, in those days, made fun of the notion that there are
Directions (6-15): Choose the option which is the antonym of the word mentioned in the question.
Sol. burnt at the stake
Sol. pestilence, famine, earthquake, flood and fire
Sol. Scientifically, very little was known about the world.
Sol. the earth is round
Sol. Most people, in those days, made fun of the notion that there are antipodes.
Sol. Nullify -make legally null and void; invalidate.
ratify- sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Sol. Lax -not sufficiently strict, severe, or careful., rigorous- extremely thorough and careful.
Sol. Macrocosm -the whole of a complex structure, especially the world or the universe, contrasted with a small or representative part of it.
microcosm-a community, place, or situation regarded as encapsulating in miniature the characteristics of something much larger.
Sol. Munificent -characterized by or displaying great generosity.
Sol. malevolent -having or showing a wish to do evil to others.
Sol. Piquant -pleasantly stimulating or exciting to the mind. , bland-(of food or drink) unseasoned, mild-tasting, or insipid.
Sol. Perseverance -persistence in doing something despite difficulty or delay in achieving success.
Sol. Unobtrusive -not conspicuous or attracting attention.
Sol. Aggravate -make (a problem, injury, or offence) worse or more serious.
mitigate -make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Sol. Naive -(of a person or action) showing a lack of experience, wisdom, or judgement.