SSC CGL/CHSL Descriptive Paper 2019

SSC CGL/CHSL Descriptive Paper


SSC CGL Tier 3 2018 exam will be conducted on 29th December and SSC CHSL 2018-19 Tier II is to be conducted on 27th September 2019. Candidates who have already cleared the SSC CHSL Tier I are going to appear for Tier II that will comprise of the test of descriptive writing.

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SSC CHSL/CGL 2018-19 descriptive Exam Pattern

This is a descriptive exam that is designed to test the written skills of the candidates in English/Hindi. The Paper would comprise writing of an Essay of 200-250 words and Letter/Application writing of approximately 150-200 words. The performance in Tier-II would be included for preparing merit.
Important Points:
  • The exam is of 60 minutes duration and carries 100 marks. 
  • The exam duration is 80 minutes for candidates who are visually handicapped or suffer from cerebral palsy.
  • The Paper would comprise writing of an Essay of 200-250 words.
  • The Paper would comprise writing of Letter /Application writing of approximately 150-200 words. 
  • The minimum qualifying marks in Tier-II would be 33 per cent. 
  • The performance in Tier II would be included for preparing merit.
  • The paper will have to be written either in Hindi or in English.
  • Part paper written in Hindi and Part in English will not be evaluated.

Having said of Descriptive Exam, let’s discuss the key points regarding this exam:

  • It is an offline Pen-Paper based exam carrying weightage of 100 marks with 1 hour duration.
  • Essay Writing and Letter Writing/ Precis Writing will be among the given topics. Essay Writing may carry 50 marks and 50 marks allotted to Letter Writing in case there is no Precis Writing to write on or Letter Writing and Precis Writing may carry 30-20 marks each in case both the topics happen to be asked in the exam. In a nutshell, be prepared for all the three topics as SSC may surprise you any time. Choice will be there between English Language and Hindi Language.
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SSC CGL Tier-3 Tips and Strategy: 

1. Avoid Exceeding Word Limit: With essay writing, candidates find themselves in a dilemma regarding how to start an essay to give it an informational and impressive touch. There is a set format that is required to score good in essay writing.

  • While writing an essay avoid introducing excessive and useless information as the word limit is 250 words and it has to be precise enough. An essay comprises Introduction, Body Content and Conclusion. Allot 50-50 words to introduction and conclusion and rest to the body content. 
  • Use eloquent vocabulary to escape long sentences. Make each sentence pertinent enough to convey vital information. Exceeding word limits would bring no advantage but ensnare you in trouble. With 150 words limit, letter writing must cover the satiable cause behind it and laconic content.

2. Imposing Representation and In-deep knowledge of topics: 

  • Representation plays a vital role in leaving an effective impression on the examiner. Avoid repetition of words, circumlocution and keep the paper sheet dapper and put your information in a neat handwriting.
  • To develop your critical thinking skills and vocabulary, read daily editorials from reputed newspapers. And try to practise in person. Observe Social and Environmental Issues, Science & Technology, Government issues, World Politics and Issues, Financial status related incidents, news and current affairs meticulously and note down them in pointer forms to revise and strengthen your content.

3. Practice in Exam like block designed sheets: 

  • Take a plane sheet of paper, draw blocks on it with 4 columns and start practicing like this on daily basis. As a beginner you may find this procedure puzzling and may get vexed. But with daily practice, you will be familiar with the pattern and won’t be astound writing this way in the real exam. Scale down your mistakes every day. Factor in writing and don’t let the examiner tie up in knots.

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Have a look at a snippet of essay given below: 

Have a look at a snippet of a letter writing given below:

4. Order Of Attempts: 
  • The first preference should be given to essay as it asks for time to let out creative writing skills. Then go for letter writing/precis writing.

5. Correct knowledge of formats:

  • In essay, introduce your sagacity right from the beginning paragraph. Concise and informational sentences with apt grammatical usage is the key to enthuse impression. An essay may contain 3-4 paragraphs.
  • In the first paragraph, you must need to put your strong argument based on the topic asked for to write about, next comes the body which demands the pivotal essence. The weak argument should be a part of the ending paragraph. In conclusion, provide the summary of the introduction and the body content.


  • Digital India: How to make it a success in the Indian context?
  • Disinvestment of Public Sector Enterprises: right step or not?
  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
  • Use of Social Media
  • Women Empowerment
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana
  • Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao
  • Demonetization and its effect on the Indian Economy
  • Brexit and its effect on India
  • FDI limits in various sectors of the economy: Should there be limits at all?
  • Brain drain in the medical profession: Your opinion
  • Make in India
  • Namami Gange: What are the Challenges and how to overcome them


Letter writing has 2 parts-Formal Letter writing and Informal Letter Writing

Formal Letter- This type of letter writing calls for the awareness of formal vocabulary and a correct format provided below.

Sender’s address (on the left top corner of the page)


Receiver’s address


Salutation (Sir/Madam)

Body of letter
Main Content

Thanking you

Tips to remember-Don’t use phrasal verbs, idioms, contracted form of words like don’t, can’t etc. and imperatives.


This type of letter writing is more friendly as it is to be written to friends, family members or relatives. The letter format should be like the one given below.

Sender’s address (on the left corner of page)


Salutation (My Dear Friend/My Dear Brother)

Good Morning/Hope you will be fine

Body Content

With Best Wishes

Sender’s Name

Tips to remember-You can use Idioms, Phrasal Verbs, Contracted form of words like don’t, can’t etc.


  • Complain letter on degrading conditions of roads in your locality.
  • Letter to present your views on Women Empowerment.
  • Letter to present your views on the Education System.
  • Complain letter on irregularities in Public Distribution System (PDS).
  • Letter to editor regarding the government’s mission against Black money
  • Letter to editor regarding sound pollution in your area
  • Letter to the head of your department regarding corruption practiced by some of the staff, as a whistleblower
  • Letter regarding sexual harassment prevention measures for children in the school premises.


Precis Writing: Take into account the heading of the passage properly. Express the gist of the passage effectively and economically. Don’t express your own ideas and opinions. Concise it to 1/3rd of the length of the given passage. Highlight important points in the passage and keep them in the same order as in the given passage.

At SSCADDA, we will provide week wise essays, letter writing and precis writing on important topics, you must go through them as all the prominent notes on illustrious government schemes, events and promising words are contained in them.