1. SEDITION (noun) राज-द्रोह
Meaning: conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.
Synonyms: incitement, fomentation, provocation, agitation.
Antonyms: submission, appeasement, homage, devotion.
Usage: The extended geographical jurisdiction for offences is being used here not just to cover sedition, but also treason.
2. CARTEL (noun) उत्पादक संघ
Meaning: an association of manufacturers or suppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a high level and restricting competition.
Synonyms: consortium, alliance, union, confederation.
Antonyms: agnosticism, disunion, separation, distribution.
Usage: In their attempts to stem cut-throat price competition, railway leaders repeatedly formed cartels to set prices and allocate traffic.
3. PECULIARITY (noun) विलक्षणता
Meaning: a strange or unusual feature or habit.
Synonyms: abnormality, eccentricity, idiosyncrasy, oddity.
Antonyms: commonness, casual, normalcy, convention.
Usage: One peculiarity of this artist’s pictures was that he used actual gold leaf to make the high lights upon hair, leaves, and draperies.
4. DENT (noun) कटाव
Meaning: a reduction in amount or size.
Synonyms: reduction, depletion, deduction, cut.
Antonyms: boost, enlargement, gain, increase.
Usage: Both increased capacity and competition will allow consumers to pay less, putting a dent into corporate profits.
5. EXTERNALITY (noun) बाह्यता
Meaning: a consequence of an industrial or commercial activity which affects other parties without this being reflected in market prices.
Synonyms: upshot, effect, repercussion, reverberations.
Antonyms: origin, root, source, cause.
Usage: Network externalities occur when markets characterized by network effects fail to allocate resources properly.
6. LEEWAY (noun) स्वतंत्रता
Meaning: the amount of freedom to move or act that is available.
Synonyms: scope, flexibility, liberty, indulgence.
Antonyms: constraint, restriction, inflexibleness, extremism.
Usage: Certainly, the government deserves a significant amount of leeway when it comes to endorsing the current administration.
7. DIRECTIVE (noun) आदेश
Meaning: an official or authoritative instruction.
Synonyms: injunction, enjoinment, prescription, command.
Antonyms: entreaty, petition, plea, appeal.
Usage: The US government has no authority to issue directives to the country’s courts.
8. MISGIVING (noun) संदेह
Meaning: a feeling of doubt or apprehension about the outcome or consequences of something.
Synonyms: qualm, doubt, reservation, scruple.
Antonyms: assurance, certainty, certitude, conviction.
Usage: Despite my misgivings, I picked up a box of these today when I filled the new prescription.
9. DEMISE (noun) अंत
Meaning: the end or failure of an enterprise or institution.
Synonyms: disintegration, fall, downfall, ruin.
Antonyms: commencement, onset, launch, inception.
Usage: The services sector is all some regions in the UK have left after the demise of the manufacturing industry.
10. PROSPECT (noun) संभावना
Meaning: the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring.
Synonyms: expectation, anticipation, chance, probability.
Antonyms: actuality, reality, certainty, doubtfulness.
Usage: Maybe the prospect of the landscape turning into a tourist facility will force a political change in the end.