Daily Vocabulary for SSC Exams: 28th June 2019


The water crisis in Chennai needs holistic and widely resonant solutions

Chennai’s aspirations to grow into a global economic hub appear considerably weakened as it struggles to find water. The shadow of drought from 2018 has stretched into the torrid summer this year, evaporating not just the city’s reservoirs, but the prosperity of its residents who are forced to hunt for tankers, pay bribes and spend hours even at night waiting for trucks to dispense some water. Ironically, Tamil Nadu’s capital, which in a normal year gets anything between 1,300 mm and 1,400 mm of rainfall, has been laid low by the Apathy of successive governments. That residents are now given minimum piped water and meager tanker supplies totaling a third of the installed capacity of 1,494 million liters a day, that too mainly from desalination plants, faraway lakes and farm wells, is proof of the neglect of water governance. Yet, even searching questions posed by the Madras High Court to the AIADMK government have elicited only vague assurances on meeting basic requirements and restoring 210 waterbodies to augment future storage, rather than a firm timeline. Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami was wrong to dismiss reports on water scarcity as “an exaggeration”, and he must end this business-as-usual approach. A time-bound plan is needed to augment the resources in the Greater Chennai region encompassing the neighboring districts of Thiruvallur and Kancheepuram.
                                                                              source: The Hindu Editorial
 
Check the meaning of the words used in this passage.
 
1.Torrid(Adjective)गरम
Meaning: Very hot and dry
Synonym: hot, sweltering,
Antonym: Cold, cool, wet
2.Prosperity(Noun)समृद्धि
Meaning: the state of being prosperous.
Synonym:  affluence, riches, opulence
Antonym: hardship, failure
 
3.Apathy(Noun)उदासीनता
Meaning: Lack of interest
Synonym:  lack of enthusiasm, lack of concern
Antonym: enthusiasm, interest, passion
4.Meager(Adjective)अल्प
Meaning: (of something provided or available) lacking in quantity or quality.
Synonym: inadequate, scanty
Antonym: abundant
5.Desalination(Noun)अलवणीकरण
Meaning: the process of removing salt from seawater.
Synonym: Chemical change, chemical action
Antonym: Salinate, stay
 
6.Elicited(verb)हासिल
Meaning: evoke or draw out (a reaction, answer, or fact) from someone.
Synonym: extract, evoke
Antonym: disregard, forget,
 
7.Vague(Adjective)अस्पष्ट
Meaning: of uncertain, indefinite, or unclear character or meaning.
Synonym: indistinct, indefinite
Antonym: clear, certain
 
8.Exaggeration(Noun)अतिशयोक्ति
Meaning: a statement that represents something as better or worse than it really is.
Synonym: overstatement, overemphasis
Antonym: play down, understate
 
9.Encompassing(Verb)शामिल
Meaning: surround and have or hold within.
Synonym: surround, enclose, ring
Antonym: Exclude, leave
 
10.Drought(Noun)सूखा
Meaning: a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water.
Synonym: dry spell, dry period,
Antonym: abundance, adequacy,
 
 

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