Vocabulary is an important part of English that helps you deal with all kinds of questions in objective as well as descriptive papers of various exams. Speaking of Govt Exams, SSC GD Constable 2018 and SSC CPO Exams are the latest opportunities followed by SSC CGL 2018 and SSC CHSL 2018 Exams. You can learn new words daily from our Daily Word List. Learn the words and make your own sentences based on the given word list. Here are a few challenging words from an article published in a reputed newspaper. Follow SSCADDA to take over daily challenging words.
1. IRIDESCENT (adjective) इंद्रधनुषी
Meaning: Showing luminous colors that seem to change when seen from different angles.
Synonyms: shining, glittering, sparkling, shimmering.
Antonyms: colorless, dull, plain, monochrome.
Usage: When the jeweler looked at the iridescent gems, he was made speechless by their brilliant colors.
2. THROWAWAY (adjective) फेंका हुआ
Meaning: Denoting or relating to products that are intended to be discarded after being used once or a few times.
Synonyms: casual, careless, offhand, ill-considered.
Antonyms: adopt, embrace, retain, conserve
Usage: She was very upset at what to him was just a throwaway remark.
3. PRUNE (verb) काटना
Meaning: Trim (a tree, shrub, or bush) by cutting away dead or overgrown branches or stems, especially to encourage growth.
Synonyms: reduce, cut/trim, decrease.
Antonyms: elongate, extend, lengthen.
Usage: Ideally, you should start pruning your tree to limit its size before it reaches full size.
4. STRIDE (noun) तरक़्क़ी
Meaning: A long step or stage in making progress.
Synonyms: clump, tramp, stomp, stalk.
Antonyms: amble, meander, , wander.
Usage: In two bounding strides the woman was in the street, kneeling over her friend.
5. VEXATIOUS (adjective) अफ़सोसनाक
Meaning: Causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.
Synonyms: annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome.
Antonyms: helpful, soothing, aiding, assisting.
Usage: This vexatious problem was resolved, incompletely, by civil war and secession.
6. STODGY (adjective) घिसा पिटा
Meaning: Dull and uninspired; lacking originality or excitement
Synonyms: uninteresting, dreary, uninspired, monotonous.
Antonyms: exciting, creative, breathtaking, enthralling.
Usage: Most of my students used informal, asymmetrical balance, as formal balance can seem stodgy and dull.
7. PURPORTEDLY (adverb) कथित रूप से
Meaning: As appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.
Synonyms: allegedly, professedly, supposedly, seemingly.
Antonyms: absolutely, authentically, certainly, earnestly.
Usage: The woman found a letter purportedly signed by the Prime Minister.
8. AMELIORATE (verb) सुधारना
Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better
Synonyms: better, reformed, amend, elevate.
Antonyms: worsen, aggravate, decline, blemish.
Usage: Ameliorate the relationship with your distant mother by sending a letter.
9. SKIRMISH (noun) झड़प
Meaning: an episode of irregular or unpremeditated fighting, especially between small or outlying parts of armies or fleets.
Synonyms: Battle, fight, Clash.
Antonyms: Peace, Calm, Harmony.
Usage: Right before the game’s results were announced, the fans got into a skirmish over whose team was the greatest.
10. TOUCHSTONE (noun) मापदंड
Meaning: a criterion by which something is judged
Synonyms: benchmark, criterion, metric, standard.
Antonyms: aberration, deviation, abnormality.
Usage: An understanding of grammar is often considered a touchstone by which all language skills are compared to.