Meaning: a physical dispute between opposing individuals or groups
Synonyms: clash, fracas, fray, hassle.
Antonyms: truce,agreement, accordance, peace.
Usage: It is expected for the friends to get into a light scuffle over their chores, but no one got hurt.
Meaning: a small number
Synonyms: couple, few, handful, sprinkle.
Antonyms: horde, legion, loads, multitude.
Usage: He spoke a smattering of words she didn’t understand.
Meaning: a foolish act or idea
Synonyms: absurdity, fatuity, imbecility, inanity.
Antonyms: discretion, prudence, sagacity, wisdom.
Usage: With bizarre behavior from the loud singing woman, the neighbors realized the lunacy that the woman had.
Meaning: a strong negative reaction by a large number of people, especially to a social or political development.
Synonyms: ricochet, counteraction, retaliation, reverberation.
Antonyms: decertify, forbid, invalidate, cause.
Usage: The president received backlash from thousands of people who disagreed with his Twitter statements.
Meaning: scatter or spread (things) untidily over a surface or area.
Synonyms: scatter, stipple, spatter, disperse.
Antonyms: centralize, concentrate, accumulate, collect.
Usage: Environmentalists were saddened to see people strew litter everywhere in the medians of the highways.
Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
Synonyms: entrust, bestow, confer, grant.
Antonyms: retain, hold back, reserve, withhold.
Usage: Citizens of the United States have the vested right to freedom of speech.
Meaning: threats, violence, constraints, or other action used to coerce someone into doing something against their will or better judgement.
Synonyms: coercion, compulsion, pressurization, enforcement.
Antonyms: agreement, approval, consent, persuasion.
Usage: I think Harry was under duress when she signed the agreement; he never would have voluntarily accepted those conditions.
Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
Synonyms: bighead, conceitedness, ego, vainglory.
Antonyms: diffidence, bashfulness, demureness, shyness.
Usage: Because Rohit had a smug attitude during his meeting with the principal, he projected the image he was proud of his misdeeds.
Meaning: the act or activity of keeping something in an existing and usually satisfactory condition.
Synonyms: maintenance, protection, preservation, conservation.
Antonyms: dereliction, negligence, damage, demolition.
Usage: The business house will spend Rs. 35 crore over the next 5 years on the fort’s upkeep.
Meaning: cause persistent distress or anxiety.
Synonyms: nag, torment, bother, fret.
Antonyms: mitigate, pacify, assist, ameliorate.
Usage: Maybe you choose to seethe silently about something, letting it gnaw away at you.