Today we are going to discuss Adverb and its Rules which will be helpful for strengthening your English Grammar and Spotting error quiz.
- She is reading very fast.
- She is a very intelligent girl.
(Note : usually the adverbs end with -ly.)
Rule 1 :
In order to make our meaning clear, an adverb must be placed as near as possible to the word it modifies.
- She has only three dollars with her.
- He says he often visits my place.
- He often says he visits my place.
Wrong:We only have four hours to finish this paper.
Right: We have only four hours to finish this paper.
Wrong: She just wants to take one class. [not anything else]
Right: She wants to take just one class. [not even second]
Wrong: That building nearly costs sixty thousand rupees.
Right: That building costs nearly sixty thousand rupees.
Rule 2 :
When an adverb modifies an intransitive verb, it usually follows it.
- She sang melodiously.
- She writes nearly.
When a verb consists of an auxiliary and a main verb, the adverb which qualifies is placed between the auxiliary and the main verb.
Wrong:I have told him often not to come late.
Right:I have often told him not to come late.
Rule 4 :
When adverb modifies an adjective or another adverb, the adverb usually comes before it.
- The Cuckoo sings quite sweetly,
- Do not speak so fast.
Why don’t you speak loud enough to be heard.
Rule 5 :
The word ‘only’ should be placed before the word it is intended to modify.
- Only she gave me this book. (i.e., she and nobody else)
- She only told me the truth. (and nothing else)
- I solved only two problems. (correct)
- I only solved two problems. (incorrect)