Correct Use of Adverbs With Examples

Dear Readers,
Today we are going to discuss Adverb and its Rules  which will be helpful for strengthening your English Grammar and Spotting error quiz.
An adverb is a word which modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb in a given sentence. 
Example:
  • She is reading very fast.
                  Verb        adv.
  • She is a very intelligent girl.
                       Adv.      Adj.
  •  The horse runs very quickly
                                    adv.   adv.
(Note : usually the adverbs end with -ly.)
 
Rules pertaining to use of adverbs:
Rule 1 :
In order to make our meaning clear, an adverb must be placed as near as possible to the word it modifies.
Examples:
  • She has only three dollars with her.
                      advadj.
  • He says he often visits my place.
  • He often says he visits my place.
Note: Other adverbs like only are: just, nearly, hardly, almost and scarcely.
 
Read the following examples:
Wrong:We only have four hours to finish this paper.
Right:  We have only four hours to finish this paper.
Wrong: She just wants to take one class. [not anything else]
Right:   She wants to take just one class. [not even second]
Wrong: That building nearly costs sixty thousand rupees.
Right:   That building costs nearly sixty thousand rupees.

Rule 2 :
When an adverb modifies an intransitive verb, it usually follows it.
Examples:

  • She sang melodiously.
  • She writes nearly.

Rule 3:
When a verb consists of an auxiliary and a main verb, the adverb which qualifies is placed between the auxiliary and the main verb.
Wrong:I have told him often not to come late.
Right:I have often told him not to come late. 

Rule 4 :
When adverb modifies an adjective or another adverb, the adverb usually comes before it.
Examples:

  • The Cuckoo sings quite sweetly,

                                        Adv.

  • Do not speak so fast. 

                                 Adv.

Note: The adverb ‘enough’ is always placed after the word it modifies.
Why don’t you speak loud enough to be heard.

Rule 5 :
The word ‘only’ should be placed before the word it is intended to modify.
Examples:

  • Only she gave me this book. (i.e., she and nobody else)
  • She only told me the truth. (and nothing else)
  • I solved only two problems. (correct)
  • I only solved two problems. (incorrect)

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